Introduction In the past decades, debates and appeals surrounding human rights have centered on human trafficking and the elements that have contributed to its proliferation. While existing literature and various governments have expended good effort in addressing and resolving the issue, human trafficking remains to be globally rampant. Considering the severity and significance of the issue, there is a need to examine several factors that underwrite the problem. This essay will discuss human trafficking and how confronting poverty, reducing mass migration, and increasing political stability can augment the efforts being made in preventing the practice.Mass Migration The first factor that contributes to the propagation of human trafficking businesses and practices is mass migration. Specifically, the increase in undocumented labor migration in a developing country exacerbates their vulnerability to being victimised by human trafficking tycoons. Studies have found that rapid economic growth in SEA countries has resulted in the sudden increase in intra-regional migration of labor from underdeveloped countries resulting in many undocumented workers (Crawford 2017, 101). As a result, the consequences of the desire to raise their standard of living has caused children and women from emerging countries to be trafficked to wealthier nations as sex slaves who were drawn in by the promises of a lucrative business in foreign land (Gallagher and McAuliffe 2016, 211). This option has become a popular alternative to specific individuals and families who are willing to go to extremes to earn a stipend that can sustain their daily survival and to those who perceive that they have severely limited options (Crawford 2017, 101). Thus, vast differences in economic conditions between underdeveloped, developing, and developed countries have incited a trend of mass migration, which allowed illegal human trafficking to flourish and take advantage of those seeking to establish a better life than what is being offered by their own country.Political Instability Aside from the adverse side effects of economic growth and mass migration, another factor that contributes to the proliferation of human trafficking is political instability. Populations in underdeveloped countries suffer significantly from violence, political strife, and socio-economic inequality that is, in part, caused by the need of the political elites to maintain power over those in poverty (Barner, Okech, and Camp 2014, 150). In countries such as Thailand and Cambodia, governments hesitate to fully comply with the legal framework that should be able to prevent human trafficking (Miller-Perrin and Wurtele 2017, 123). This political instability has allowed trafficking perpetrators to take advantage of the situation either by offering victims a better life as a worker abroad or by utilizing corrupt methods to recruit people, which is done through the influence and power of corrupt officials (Barner, Okech, and Camp 2014, 148). These methods can be achieved by the apparent lack of willingness from corrupt police and officers in enforcing the law against human trafficking. Thus, the political instability that leads to widespread violence and corruption results to minimal to no commitment in the formulation, implementing, and enforcing laws that are meant to prevent human trafficking and the need of the population to escape the consequences of political instability by seeking opportunities in foreign countries.Poverty The common theme that underpins mass migration and political instability and perhaps the most crucial factor that exacerbates human trafficking is poverty. For instance, in areas where the caste system is practiced, women and children are forced into slavery because of poverty and their seemingly constitutional status in the harsh social pyramid (Raffety 2007, 401). Pressure from multinational corporations are also compelling companies to engage in modern-day slavery by recruiting workers from those entrenched with a daily struggle of providing for themselves and their families (Crane 2013, 49). These workers are demanded to put in long hours in exchange for meager pay. Furthermore, these families may also resort to selling their children to human trafficking tycoons in exchange for a short-lived financial reprieve that they can relish in before turning to the next child who will be sacrificed for the same reasons (Raffety 2007, 401). As such, human trafficking is most rampant in areas wherein there is widespread poverty and where there are families who have resorted to extreme measures to ensure their survival. Thus, people living in poverty are forced by their living conditions to provide a constant supply of “products” for traffickers. Conclusion In conclusion, human trafficking is caused by increasing poverty and mass migration, and by political instability. This essay examined these factors and found that for one, mass migration was incited by the different economic development between countries. Furthermore, political instability allows for the proliferation of trafficking activities through corrupt officials and law enforcers. Finally, poverty is the most crucial factor that contributes to the worsening of human trafficking. Thus, to eradicate this global issue, law enforcers, governments, and countries should address these factors.ReferencesBarner, John R., David Okech, and Meghan A. 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