Investigate into spatial Variations in the quality of life in Haywards Heath

In this project I will find out the quality of life in different area of Haywards Heath. This will be judged on noise levels, cleanliness, house prices and car models etc.

There are three definitions on the quality of life. They are economy, environment and social.

Economic: relating to the production, development, and management of material wealth, as of a country, household, or business enterprise. This is a key issue when investigating an area of the town and whether it is economically stable in its price of housing and material affluence thus indicating its quality of life in one facet.

Environment: The circumstances or conditions that surround one; surroundings. To judge an area of a town by its surroundings is essential when exploring its environmental condition through the amount of litter and greenery in the municipality. This factor affects the economic position of the area in both house prices and land value.

Social: Describing the communal living relating to human society and its modes of organization: social classes; social problems; a social issue. Social facilities are almost anywhere but the amount of them and easy access to them is some means of measurement. A social facility could be the post office, a leisure centre or even the police as this regards to the safety of the social stated environment.

The town I will be instigating in is Haywards Heath.

Haywards Heath is the administrative centre of Mid Sussex. It has a population of approximately 23,000. Many of its residents commute each day to London, Brighton, Crawley, and Gatwick but, many people also work in the town which is a thriving commercial centre in its own right. The offices of Mid Sussex District Council are situated off Oakland’s Road and offer an information Help Point service to residents and visitors. The library also has some information for tourists and visitors.

History

In 1841 the first railway link between London and Haywards Heath was opened, giving rise to a new period of growth and prosperity, centred on the railway which brought new residents and business to the town. Further impetus was given to development with the electrification of the railway in 1933. In the 1960s and 70s two modern light industrial estates were built near the station and there was a large increase in house building. Also at this time the commercial element of the Town began to gain momentum with many new office developments. The Orchards Shopping Centre, situated off the main shopping thoroughfare in South Road, was constructed in the late 70s.

Urbanisation

Around the United Kingdom most of the population migrate from the rural to the urban because of job opportunities and progress issues. This is called urbanisation.

Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities. Urbanisation occurs because people move from rural areas (countryside) to urban areas (towns and cities). This usually occurs when a country is still developing but in the UK this is still a fact.

There are other types of urbanisation for example, suburbanisation. Suburbanisation is the process whereby residential sections of the city expand. Three factors which encourage suburbanisation are population growth, lifestyle values which promote large houses with gardens, and car-dependent transport. Similarly the opposite of this is counter-urbanisation.

Counter-urbanisation is the process by which people and employment move out of large settled areas to smaller ones – a process of decentralisation. Counter-urbanisation may have begun in European cities with the industrial revolution, in protest against the pollution and overcrowding of the cities.

Above are some types of migration in MEDC’s (UK) but in LEDC’s other types of migration are made. In developing countries, urban sprawl occurs largely as a result of rapid growth of cities, which is often due to socially inequitable economic policies. In developed countries car dependence is a major factor in urban sprawl, particularly in America and other similar countries.

Because of the urban sprawl, urban consolidation is being attempted in some Western cities and to increase the population density of a city. Such consolidation could make public transport and services more efficient and affordable, provide a stronger sense of community, reduce the wastage of agricultural land, and avoid environmental damage.

Overall a range of economic, political, social, cultural, and environmental factors affect urbanisation. Government policies in many developing countries promote industrialisation and international capitalist economies and transnational corporations benefit from such policies.

In a town called Haywards Heath decentralisation has occurred. This option known as counter-urbanisation has been chosen by the many that live in Haywards Heath at present.