John Donne Poem Vocabulary

vicissitude (Loves Growth)
a change of circumstances (typically unpleasant)

quintessence (Loves Growth)
pure essence

elemented (Loves Growth)
composed of many things (not pure)

eminent (Loves Growth)
(more) visible/clear

firmament (Loves Growth)
the heavens or the sky

usurp’d (Batter My Heart)
to take over or seize

viceroy (Batter My Heart)
a ruler exercising authority in a colony on behalf of a soverign

betroth (Batter My Heart)
enter into a formal agreement to marry

enthrall (Batter My Heart)
capture the fascinated attention of

ravish (Batter My Heart)
fill (someone) with intense delight; enrapture

poppy (Death be not proud)
a flower that is a source of drugs such as morphine and codeine

charms (Death be not proud)
an object, act, or saying believed to have magic power

stark (Broken Heart)

trifle (Broken Heart)
a thing of little value or importance

chain’d shot (Broken Heart)
pairs of cannonballs or half balls joined by a chain

pike (Broken Heart)
a long-bodied predatory freshwater fish

glasses (Broken Heart)
hard, brittle substance (pieces of his shattered heart)

enamour (Bait)
filled with a feeling of love

channel (Bait)
length of water joining two larger areas of water (“all levels of society will come to her”)

loathe (Bait)
feel intense dislike or disgust for (“you hate to be seen this way, as just bait”)

snare (Bait)
a trap for catching animals

windowy (Bait)
something resembling a window (or with openings like windows)

coarse (Bait)
rough in texture

sleeve silk (Bait)
fake flies (as luring device)

bewitch (Bait)
cast a spell on and gain control over someone by magic

saucy (Sun Rising)
not showing a serious or respectful attitude; impudent

pedantic (Sun Rising)
all knowing in a boring way (excessively concerned with minor details)

wretch (Sun Rising)
unfortunate or unhappy person

chide (Sun Rising)
to scold or rebuke

apprentices (Sun Rising)
a beginner at something (“prentices” in poem for rhythmic purposes)-harvest offices: harvest farms (speaker tells sun to tell the farmers/workers that their harvest is ready)

clime (Sun Rising)
a region considered to its climate (they can love despite what clime it is)

wink (Sun Rising)
the sun is not powerful, the speaker can hide it simply by closing an eye-India’s spice and mine: “Indias of spice (East Indies) and mine (“gold,” West Indies),” both of which were contemporary objects of significant wealth (“are they where the sun sets or next to me?”)

alchemy (Sun Rising)
a seemingly magical process of transformation, creation, or combination (“all wealth (she) is with him, not the power and money”)

contracted (Sun Rising)
decrease in size, number, or range (“the world is contracted to this one bed”)

maidenhead (Flea)
virginity (“no loss of virginity; if the flea’s act is not a big deal, then why would sex be?”)

pamper (Flea)
indulge with every attention, comfort, and kindness

temple (Flea)
a building devoted to the worship of a god(“temple” is another example of religious language that the speaker uses to support the reliability of his argument; makes their love more honorable)

sacrilege (Flea)
violation or misuse of something sacred(“her killing the sacred flea”)

palsy (Canonization)
a condition of incapacity or helplessness

gout (Canonization)
a disease that can cause arthritis

course (Canonization)
a series of lectures or lessons in a particular subject, typically leading to a qualification (“do anything, but do not criticize our love”)

real (Canonization; 7)
actually existing as a thing(“honor the king’s real face or face on a coin”)

litigious (Canonization)
willing to sue(“lawyers will continue to follow their daily routine and are not affected by us two lovers”)

tapers (Canonization)
a slender candle(“tapers are candles, as the fiery passion of their love burns it kills”)

phoenix (Canonization)
mythical bird(“a mythical creature who lived in the desert, the only one of its kind. It would burn to death and then rise out of its own ashes”)

wit (Canonization)
keen intelligence(“together they are better”)

chronicle (Canonization)
a factual written account of important or historical events in the order of their occurrence (“if their tale is not great enough to add to the historical chronicles, at least we will take our place in pretty sonnets”)

well-wrought (Canonization)
skillfully constructed or put together(“almost perfect love”)

urn (Canonization)
a tall vase used for storing ashes(“their love will live on forever in sonnets just like people can remain forever in urns”)

invoke (Canonization)
summon by incantation(“pray for a love like ours”)

hermitage (Canonization)
settlement where a person or a group of people lived religiously in seclusion (“people will address us as an object of worship”)

glasses (Canonization; 41)
reflect as if in a mirror (“her eyes are like a mirror, and others can see the reflection of burning passion there; her eyes carry the presence of the whole world”)

epitomize (Canonization)
be a perfect example of (“their love is ideal”)

virtuous (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
morally good

profanation (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
relating or devoted to that which is not sacred or biblical

trepidation (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
trembling motion

sublunary (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
under the moon

sense (Valediction Forbidding Mourning; 14)
a faculty by which the body perceives information through sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch (“their love is based on the five senses and so consists of sexual attraction”)

refine (Valediction Forbidding Mourning; 17)
to make more pure (“reassuring her that they will uphold their relationship; refined love due to the qualities they share”)

inter-assured (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
to give confidence to; encourage (“But because they feel confident in each’s feelings for the other, their physical separation—the absence of eyes, lips, and hands—causes them less anxiety”)

breach (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
an act of breaking apart (“instead of breaking, their united soul will expand to bridge the distance”)

oblique (Valediction Forbidding Mourning)
inclined at other than a right angle (“saying that he will be the foot of the compass with the lead, which is the one that moves, which makes her the one which stays still”)

cleft (Song)
split (“imperative idea, because who can get close enough to evil/the devil”)

true (Song)
truly or faithful

fair (Song)
beautiful/attractive (“the extended hyperbole finally comes to a conclusion: he thinks all women are deceitful; tne believes that all women are liars and no women is honest and fair”)