John that did help him with this cause

John brown, who was born in
Torrington Connecticut on May 4th 1800, was one of the most noted
abolitionists in history. He spent his time going around the world to bring
awareness to slavery. The people that did help him with this cause was either
unaware that it was going against slavery or did not care because he was known
to use violence to achieve his goals.  During
his childhood, his father, Owen Brown, was a tanner who changed animal skins
into leather. John brown was a religious child, he studied in the ministry but
decided to stop his learning and join the family’s businesses trade. In 1820,
he married a women named Dianthe Lusk, the couple ended up having about 7 kids
before his wife passed away. The following year, 1833, he married a women named
Mary Ann Day, during the 21 years of marriage they have had 13 children. All
together John Brown had 20 children, but through time only 12 survived. During
Brown’s childhood, he witnessed an African American who was bullied, this
situation led Brown to declare war against slavery. He felt as if slavery could
only be stopped if there was a bloody war. In 1859 he decided that the South
should be token over and free the slaves at gunpoint.

            In 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act was
passed that stated the people living in either Nebraska or Kansas would have
the decision if slavery was allowed. Brown started to travel through these areas
to advise the end of slavery, and gathered money for weapons to achieve this
goal. Brown believed that anyone who supported slavery or was involved in
slavery would not be set free from the guilt of sin, until slavery was gone. He
believed that the only way to stop slavery was through war, knowing the
consequences was people getting killed. Brown settled near Osawatomie, Kansas
in September of 1856 to lead a raid on proslavery settlement at Pottawatomie,
Kansas that ended up 5 men being killed before Browns escape. After the raid,
everyone knew who Brown was and his objective he was going towards, and because
of the attention he is getting some people either criticized him or supported
his goal. He continued to collect money for his war against slavery during the
summer of 1856.  Very well-known figures
were inspired by his commitment and decided to lend John Brown a helping hand
with gathering extra recruits, money, and even weapons for his cause. Brown and
his recruits made their way to Osawatomie in August where they fought settlers,
during this standoff his son Frederick was killed. In 1857, Brown started to
head towards east with the intentions of taking over the South; he started to
assemble more recruiters from Tabor, Iowa for training.  He made gatherings with the eastern
abolitionists, and then right after in 1858 he sent his son John Jr to go spy
the area around Harpers Ferry, where it is the location of heavy federal
weaponry. In April of the same year he held a gathering with his recruits in
Ontario to inform them that he is planning to take over the South, give weapons
to the slaves, and set this state up as a free state under the new
constitution. He then led and returned to Kansas, using a whole different
identity, leading a raid into Missouri, resulting in the death of one man and
taking the slaves in that area back to Canada for freedom.

            After this successful raid, Brown
was now looked at as a criminal in the eyes of many people in Missouri and even
the US government. The government put a reward on him, saying if anyone
captured John Brown is to turn him in for a significant amount of money. Besides
the tension, parts of the North looked at him as a hero, and many northerners
started to donate for his cause. John brown started to go around the East again
in 1859 to raise more money, he then rented a farm five miles north of the
Harpers Ferry around the month of July, and that is where he started to recruit
21 men for the final days of training. His intentions are to snatch the area of
heavy federal weaponry so he can hand out these weapons to the slaves that
supported him and from then make up a free state for Blacks inside the South. Brown, John. Testimonies of Capt. John Brown, at Harpers Perry, with his address to the
court .. American Anti-Slavery Society, 1860. Brown traveled to new england in January 1857 to raise funds and arms for
continued action in Kansas. He was greeted as a celebrity by some of the
regions leading philanthropists, abolitionists and business men. During the
fundraising trip, Brown met most of the men who helped finance his plans for
the Harpers Ferry raid and came to be known as the Secret Sex.

            The night of October 16th
1859, Brown left 3 men to guard the farm and sent out with 18 men towards
Harpers Ferry with a ride full of weapons and supplies. He and his recruits got
into town, where they easily captured an armory that was a storage for weapons.
During this successful seize, Brown saw the midnight train to come through,
which sounded the alarm to alert the area of what an apparent war. After that
alarm, a shooting broke out between Browns army and the residents of the area in
the morning of October 17th, 1859. Soldiers started to come in from
Charlestown, Virginia to lend a helping hand with the battle against Brown and
his army. Once nightfall hit, Brown and his army was surrounded in the heavy
federal weaponry storage when 90 plus marines started to arrive from
Washington, D.C. to join the fight. The standoff lasted all night, until the
next morning the marines, led by General Robert E. Lee, busted in the storage,
stabbing Brown with their swords and killing 10 of Brown’s recruits and
capturing 7. On the other side of the standoff, a marine and 4 other men were
killed, one of those mean was a free slave that was killed by accident. John Brown’s Harpers Ferry Raid.
(n.d.). Retrieved December 08, 2017, from
“if it is
deemed necessary that I forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of
justice and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the
blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked,
cruel, and unjust enactments-I submit; so let it be done”

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Brown was imprisoned in
Charlestown, Virginia where his trial was held a week later laying wounded on a
stretcher. During the 6 day trial, Brown made a last statement in front of the
court saying he is not guilty to what he has done or caused. He is proud of
what he has done for so long, and is ready for what the government wants to
hand to him. He was later sentenced of treason against Virginia, conspiracy for
the intentions of freeing slaves, and first degree murder. He was then sent to
death, hanged at the gallows near the Harpers Ferry. Many southerners watched
the execution, one figure that did watch is a very well-known figure in history
that was found guilty of Abraham Lincoln assassination, John Wilkes Booth. Brown, J. (1859). Address of
John Brown to the Virginia Court, Nov. 2, 1859, on receiving the sentence of
death, for his heroic attempt at Harpers Ferry, to give deliverance to the
captives, and to let the oppressed go free.: (Mr. Brown, upon inquiry whether
he had anything to say why sentence should not be pronounced upon him, in a
clear, distinct voice, replied:) I have, may it please the court, a few words
to say. .. Boston: Printed by C.C. Mead, 91 Washington Street, and for
sale at the Liberator Office, 21 Cornhill, Boston.


            Until today, everyone is asking if
John Brown is considered a terrorist or a hero? Let’s look back, John Brown was
a person against slavery and he would do anything to get rid of slavery. In
1848, Brown informed Frederick Douglass that he had an idea that if he did not
use violence towards the proslavery supporters they will not give up their
slaves that easy; he knew that violence was the only answer to free their
slaves. John Brown was known as a guy that wanted to get things done in action,
he knew if he left it in the governments hand or the peaceful way that Douglass
wanted it to be, nothing would not get done. They would favor the South.
Slavery to the government was viewed as a great business tool. A great business
tool is a good economy. He knew it was not morally right to treat another human
being the way the slaves were treated. Dubois, who is the co-founder of the
NAACP came to an understanding that maybe Brown’s violence against the Harpers
Ferry was the only source of help for Brown to accomplish what he was dedicated
to. John Brown. (n.d.). Retrieved
December 08, 2017, from
“the violence
which John Brown led made Kansas a free state tribute to the man who of all
Americans has perhaps come nearest to touching the real souls of black folk (W.B. Dubois)”.
Brown was looked at as a thug to many people, he was looked at as a mentally
ill and deranged person. Many asked, what was going on in Brown’s mind thinking
he can free slaves from the south with only 21 men?

            Terrorism definition is the use of
violence and intimidation against civilians in the pursuit against political
aims. John Brown fought and killed for what is right for the country and humane
in general. He went to the South and confederates to try to let the slaves
free. His mission was to change how people looked at African Americans. He was
their voice. He was their warrior. And he was their protector. If you look at
the bombing at Boston, or the 9/11 attack, these attacks were carried out for
the hatred of all civilians in general or like the 9/11 attack, they did not
agree how our freedom was set up. John brown was going against a government
that was built on violence and slavery which dehumanizes the civilians at that
period, most of us will never imagine being in John Browns shoes. His friends
were too busy writing letters to the government for a change, making speeches,
or running on a campaign that we see today that can say change change change
but not actually do that change. John Brown saw these actions as them trying to
do action when it helped them out on the campaign side, and he made it clear he
was not going to be polite about the change he wants to see because he saw it
as it’s not going to get him anywhere. Many people were waiting for change, by
John Brown was the type of guy not to change, he wanted to get those slaves out
of that terrible life that they were living as soon as possible.