JusticeOffice1 and morality are concepts that can be veryhard to comprehend. While justice means acting fairly, morality would help usmake the distinction between what is right and wrong in order to be just.Plato’s account of morality and justice is an interesting take on the concepts.I agree with Plato’s account of justice and believe that he convinces theskeptic that it is better to be just. This is because his division of the cityand soul supports his arguments. When the three parts of the city and soulfunction together harmoniously, there is prosperity.
Any conflicts betweenthese parts of the soul can lead to havoc and uncertainty which hinders justbehaviors. The way Plato distinguishes between the life of a tyrant and a kingare also good arguments to convince the skeptic to live a moral life.JusticeOffice2 , according to Plato is …TheOffice3 three parts of the soul are appetitive,rational and spirited. The appetitive part makes us act in order to fulfil ourdesires. These desires are the that of hunger and thirst that need to beactualized This could include drinking water when we are thirsty, but is notlimited to biological desires. TheOffice4 rational part prevents us from actualizingour desires. doing things (not always) like not drinking even when we arethirsty.
TheOffice5 spirited helps make decisions about whatneeds to be done, acts as the party that helps solve conflict between theappetitive and rational. ItOffice6 relates to justice because according to Platoif there is justice all three parts of the soul will work in unison. It issimilar to the working of a city, except the soul concerns itself with theinternal performance concerning a man’s own interest. PlatoOffice7 says that there are three parts of thesoul because one part cannot perform conflicting functions. He believes thatthe part of the soul that encourages a person to fulfil their desires cannot bethe same part that forbids him from indulging in those desires, highlighting theappetitive and the rational as two distinct parts of the soul. He uses theexamples of an archer to explain this. In the same way that it is not possible “thathis hands are at the same time drawing the bow towards him, and pushing it fromhim – the fact being, that one of his hands pushes it from him, and the otherpulls it to him.
” (439 b) After having talked about Plato’s account of justice we now focus ourattention to the question of why a person should be moral. To explain thisPlato talks about the life of a tyrant and distinguishes it from the life of aphilosopher. He says tyrant is someone who is ruled by his appetite. He givesinto his desires while rational and the sprit take a back seat.
Theseindulgences are of unpleasant natures like having intercourse with “a mother,or with any man or deity or animal.” (571 d) Office1intro Office2Whatis justice Office3appetitive Office4rational Office5spirited Office6Justicerealted to the three parts of the soul Office7Whyare there 3 parts