JusticeOffice1 and morality are concepts that can be very
hard to comprehend. While justice means acting fairly, morality would help us
make the distinction between what is right and wrong in order to be just.
Plato’s account of morality and justice is an interesting take on the concepts.
I agree with Plato’s account of justice and believe that he convinces the
skeptic that it is better to be just. This is because his division of the city
and soul supports his arguments. When the three parts of the city and soul
function together harmoniously, there is prosperity. Any conflicts between
these parts of the soul can lead to havoc and uncertainty which hinders just
behaviors. The way Plato distinguishes between the life of a tyrant and a king
are also good arguments to convince the skeptic to live a moral life.
JusticeOffice2 , according to Plato is …
TheOffice3 three parts of the soul are appetitive,
rational and spirited. The appetitive part makes us act in order to fulfil our
desires. These desires are the that of hunger and thirst that need to be
actualized This could include drinking water when we are thirsty, but is not
limited to biological desires.
TheOffice4 rational part prevents us from actualizing
our desires. doing things (not always) like not drinking even when we are
TheOffice5 spirited helps make decisions about what
needs to be done, acts as the party that helps solve conflict between the
appetitive and rational.
ItOffice6 relates to justice because according to Plato
if there is justice all three parts of the soul will work in unison. It is
similar to the working of a city, except the soul concerns itself with the
internal performance concerning a man’s own interest.
PlatoOffice7 says that there are three parts of the
soul because one part cannot perform conflicting functions. He believes that
the part of the soul that encourages a person to fulfil their desires cannot be
the same part that forbids him from indulging in those desires, highlighting the
appetitive and the rational as two distinct parts of the soul. He uses the
examples of an archer to explain this. In the same way that it is not possible “that
his hands are at the same time drawing the bow towards him, and pushing it from
him – the fact being, that one of his hands pushes it from him, and the other
pulls it to him.” (439 b)
After having talked about Plato’s account of justice we now focus our
attention to the question of why a person should be moral. To explain this
Plato talks about the life of a tyrant and distinguishes it from the life of a
philosopher. He says tyrant is someone who is ruled by his appetite. He gives
into his desires while rational and the sprit take a back seat. These
indulgences are of unpleasant natures like having intercourse with “a mother,
or with any man or deity or animal.” (571 d)
realted to the three parts of the soul
are there 3 parts