LeonardoDa Vinci was born April 15, 1452 in Vinci, Italy. Leonardo was the son of alegal specialist whose name was Ser Pierro da Vincci. He went to go live withhis grandparents because he was not considered an illegitimate son because hisfather and his mother were not married when he was born.
His father later onmarried into a wealthy family resulting in Leonardo going to live with hisgrandparents. He was an extremely intelligent child and caught on to manythings easy. One of those things was music. He discovered that he had anamazing voice and went on to further develop with a tutor. When he turned 17 hewent and became an apprentice of painting under Andrea Del Verrochio. Leonardodidn’t have many friends growing up and was more of a loner despite being anice person.
As he progressed in being an apprentice he found an interest ininventing machines. Even after finishing his lessons he stayed and helpedAndrea with things. Leonardo was considered one of the most smart and talentedpeople to have ever lived. He spent most of his early work life working underLudovico Moro in milan. He also worked in a variety of different locations suchas Rome, Bologna, and Venice. Leonardo was best known as a painter and one ofhis most famous pieces of art was the “Mona Lisa.
” his most reproduced paintingwas “The Last Supper.” One of his most famous paintings, “Salvator Mundi” soldfor a world record $450.3 million dollars at Christies auction in New York.This was the highest price ever paid for a work of art and was purchasedNovember, 15 2017. Only about 15 of Leonardo’s paintings ever survived. Thesefew paintings are all worth millions of dollars. Leonardo is remembered for hisspecialization in machines. He designed flying machines, concentrated solarpower, an adding machine, and the double hull.
Ironically none of the stuff heeven designed were created until after his death. Some of Vinci’s creations areworking models and are on display at the museum of Vinci. Leonardo had twelvehalf siblings who were much younger than him that gave him trouble after hisfather’s death about inheritance. In 1472 Leonardo was a master in the Guild ofSaint Luke, a Guild for artists.
Leonardo’s first known work was a pen and inkdrawing of the Arno valley drawn August 5, 1473. In 1478 he left his mentorsstudio and also left his father’s household. Leonardo received an independentcommission for The Adoration of the Magi for the monks of San Donato a Scopetoin 1481.
He received two commissions and completed neither. In 1482 Leonardomade a lyre in the shape of a horse’s head which was sent with Vinci to Milanas a gift to make peace with the Duke of Milan. He also wrote a letterexplaining to the duke that he could also paint and do other things. Afterarriving in Milan in 1482 he continued to work their until 1499. In 1485 hetravelled to Hungary to meet Matthias Corvinus who had painted a Holy Family.From 1493 to 1495 Leonardo listed a woman named Caterina among his dependentsin his taxation documents. He found out she was his mother in 1495. Leonardowas hired for many different jobs under Ludovico.
These jobs included thepreparation of floats and pageants for certain occasions. Also designs for a domefor Milan Cathedral and designs for an equestrian monument. At the start of thesecond Italian war Leonardo fled the city of Milan to Venice. He was hired as amilitary engineer and responsible for creating ways to defend the city fromattack by naval ships. He returned to Florence in 1500 where he was a guest ofthe monks at the monastery of Santissima Annunziata and was even given aworkshop that he completed the Virgin and Child with St Anne and St John the Baptist. This piece of art was sofamous that people all around came to see it. People compared the swarms ofpeople that came to see it to a festival.
In 1502, Leonardo started to work forCesare Borgia, the son of the Pope. Vici made a map of Borgia’s stronghold.Back then maps were extremely rare and were looked at as more of a new concept.When Cesare saw this map he promoted Leonardo to chief military engineer. Helater on produced another map of chiana valley. Leonardo then returned back to Florenceand rejoined the Guild he was in before in October of 1503.
He then spent about2 years making a mural of The Battle of Anghiari for the Signoria. In 1506Vinci returned to Milan where many of his past followers worked with him andstarted a new project with Leonardo. Leonardo soon left Milan because of thedeath of his father.
After this he returned back to Florence in 1507 to disputeover his father’s estate. In 1508 he moved back to Milan to live in a house ofhis own in Porta Orientale. From 1513 to 1516 Vinci spent histime living in Belvedere in the Vatican in Rome. Along with him Raphael andMichelangelo both were active painters. In 1516 Leonardo entered the serviceunder King Francis and was given use to the manor house Clos Luce that is now amuseum. This is where he spent his final 3 years of life. Leonardo died on thesecond of May 1519 when he was 67 years old because of a recurrent stroke.Records say that the King was close with Leonardo and held his head in his armsas he died.
In his last days Leonardo called for a priest to receive a holysacrament. Vincis remains were first placed in the chapel of Saint Florentin.The chapel was destroyed in 1802. The location of Leonardo’s bones were unknownfor years until finally in 1863 a poet named Arsene Houssaye found some of hisskeleton with stone fragments labeling Vinci’s name. The bones were moved tothe chapel of Saint Hubert where they still remain today. There were manyinfluences in Leonardo’s life. Many people who were there to call him friendand that worked with him and taught him new things.
Every person who met Vicicalled him the smartest person they met. He also had assistants and pupilswhile working in many different places. Salai entered Leonardo’s house in 1490right after Leonardo made a list of his enemies calling him a thief after hemade money off of valuables and spending it on clothes.
He still treated himwith respect and allowed him to live in his house for the following 30 years tocome. Salai painted a nude version of the Mona Lisa and by the time of hisdeath he owned the original version of the Mona Lisa made by Leonardo himself.In 1506 Leonardo took in a pupil of the name Count Francesco Melzi who was theson of an aristocrat. Francesco travelled with Leonardo until the point of hisdeath where he inherited the artistic and scientific works of Leonardo andended up running the estate. Leonardo is popular for most of hiswork but he was first noticed by his work on Baptism of Christ that was paintedin conjunction with Verrocchio. Leonardo also made murals in the 1500’s. One ofhis most popular being The Battle of Anghiara.
The scene was four men ridinghorses engaged in the battle of Anghiara. Leonardo also did drawings which hewas very talented at as well. He wouldkeep a lot of journals with random sketches and drawings of all things thattook his attention. Some of his most famous drawings were the Vitruvian man, thehead of an angel for The virgin of the Rocks, and many other sketches anddrawings for other projects or things that interested him. Leonardo is one ofthe best artists to have ever lived. Firstpiece of art is the Mona lisa.
It uses a lot of texture in the use ofsmoothness. It makes the lady in the painting seem smooth and soft. It alsouses alot of color in the background of the picture. It uses value by makingthe clothes darker but making the background more colorful and bright. It alsouses harmony because the painting is visually satisfying with the colors andtextures used Secondpiece is the last supper. It shows symmetry because you could split it down themiddle and have a sort of symmetry between both halfs.
It has a variety ofdifferent colors and has more of a rough texture with type of building thatthey are in just looks rough and pointy. Thethird piece is the Vitruvian Man. this piece is symmetric right down themiddle. There is no hue or color in this drawing. There is the use of shape andlines to create the circle around the man and to draw the box around him aswell. Most of the drawing has no texture.
Thelast piece is the Lady With an Ermine. This piece shows more of a variety incolor in the womans clothes. It also makes me think of a soft texture becauseof the animal with fur that she is holding. He used lines and shapes to makecertain things on the clothing and also has a lot of negative space withnothing in it.