Lit ReviewAccording to the U.S. Department of Motor Vehicles, nine people die each day due to distracted driving. Cell phone use, eating, passengers, and the radio are various ways a driver can be distracted. Ultimately, slowing their reaction rate and increasing the chances of an accident. Driving requires full attention and responsibility.
When a driver is distracted, they are putting themselves at risk as well as others on the road. Statistics have shown the significant dangers of distracted driving, “In 2015 alone, 3,477 people were killed, and 391,000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving distracted driver”. When distracted, drivers are not fully aware of their surroundings, missing critical events and cues. Swerving, speeding, and running red lights are some outcomes from distracted driving, potentially causing accidents, injuries, and deaths. The choice to drive while being distracted threaten the safety of everyone on the road. According to the The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, one of every ten fatal crashes in the United States involves distracted driving. Many people may not realize that they are participating in distracted driving behavior. Driving distraction is defined as, “the diversion of attention from activities critical for safe driving to a competing activity”.
Eyes off the road, hands off the wheel, and mind off of driving are three significant factors that increase a driver’s risk of a crash. Eyes off the wheel may be caused roadside billboards, looking at yourself in the mirror, and gazing at scenery. Second, hands off the wheel, may be caused by reaching for fallen objects, attending to pets and passengers, and texting while driving. Texting while driving has been found to be the worst distraction. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration states, “Sending or reading a text takes your eyes off the road for 5 seconds”. At 55 mph, it is compared to driving the length of a football field with your eyes closed. Last, mind off of driving is determined as all activities that distract the driver. However, despite knowing the risks, drivers continue to engage in distracted driving behavior.
Dr. David Strayer, a cognitive neuroscience, was studying plane crashes in the aviation industry when he discovered a connection between distracted pilots and distracted drivers. For the past 12 years, he continued to study the effects of distracted driving and how they are processed in our brains. Dr. David Strayer stated, “It turns out a lot of the technology that has been created to promote convenience can actually have an adverse effect and overload brain mechanisms, resulting in distractions”. By testing the brain using advanced technology, like electrodes and electroencephalography (EEG) skull caps, Dr. David Strayer was able to measure how distracted a driver was by the electrical impulses and eye movements.
Using a cell phone while driving has become the largest distraction. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration claims, “During daylight hours, approximately 660,000 drivers are using cellphones while driving.” Studies even have shown that out of 1,000 drivers, 98% declare cell phone use as a dangerous practice while driving.However,75% confessed to doing it anyway. Why do we continue to use our cellphones despite accidents happen a missed text message is a factor.There has been recent research at University of Utah a simulator that is just like driving. “We’ve found that if you talk on a cellphone while driving, the odds of getting in a crash are four times higher than if you’re not talking on the phone,” It’s just as toxic as driving drunk, on the highway.
Buzzfeed recently made a video about this testing all different distractions. They used a car and an a private course to test. They try sustain their focus and be distracted, Another test they took was called selective and alerting ations test.
Only one was in the 93 percentile and he ended up in last place.All the rest were in the 73-36 percentile. Buzzfeed made an accurate assumption about driving while being distracted.A young robotic engineer named T.J Evart came up with something on your steering wheel that helps you stay focused and not be distracted. He himself was getting distracted so he came up with an invention called the smart wheel. Smart for Safe Motorists Alert for Restricting Texting is what its real name is.
The smart wheel which tracks the placement of a driver’s hands on a steering wheel, and is indicator of how focused the driver’s attention is on the road. Another invention was made called the cell slip it cancels out all of the emails text and phone calls while driving. The cell slips work because of the conductive fabric that blocks radio frequencies from reaching cell phones placed inside it will be distributed to law enforcement and traffic safety officials attending a conference in Duluth.In conclusion there are a lot of people who talk and text and do distsrative things, and don’t realize it.
Some people don’t know that they are being distracted by everyday things like signs that say over here and road blocks and texting etc… distracted driving is very bad and can harm yourself and other people on the road. I think part of the problem with are society today is we have so many distractions not just in the car but outside to, the street guys with big arrows and the signs telling us what we need.