Literary Elements english (literature, poetry, and concept)

Alliteration(lit)
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

allusion(lit)
an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
“an allusion to Shakespeare”
synonyms: reference to, mention of, suggestion of, hint to, intimation of, comment on, remark on
“the town’s name is an allusion to its founding family”

apostrophe (lit)
a literary device in which the speaker of a poem talks to someone who is not there. A famous example of this is Walt Whitman’s “O Captain!

archetype(concept)
an ideal example or model after which other things are patterned. It is what is considered a typical example of a thing or person.

blank verse(poetry)
verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter

Bryonic Hero (concept)
A kind of hero found in several of the works of Lord Byron. Like Byron himself, a Byronic hero is a melancholy and rebellious young man, distressed by a terrible wrong he committed in the past.
1. intellectual
2. self aware arrogant
3. exiled from society/homeland
4. heightened emotional sense
5. emotionally/intellectually tortured
6. sexual nature/seductive

Epistolary novel(lit)
relating to or denoting the writing of letters or literary works in the form of letters.

frame tale(lit)
a literary technique that sometimes serves as a companion piece to a story within a story, whereby an introductory or main narrative is presented, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative (ex. Rhyme of the Ancient Marriner)

Gothic(concept)
mode of literature that combines fiction, horror and Romanticism. Its origin is attributed to English author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto, subtitled (in its second edition) “A Gothic Story.”

internal rhyme (poetry)
a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next.

irony (lit)
a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character’s words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character.

Literary ballad
a narrative poem created by a poet in imitation of the old anonymous folk ballad. Usually the literary ballad is more elaborate and complex; the poet may retain only some of the devices and conventions of the older verse narrative.

Naturalism (concept)
a philosophical viewpoint according to which everything arises from natural properties and causes, and supernatural or spiritual explanations are excluded or discounted.

neo-Platonism (concept)
a philosophical system, originated in the 3rd century a.d. by Plotinus, founded chiefly on Platonic doctrine and Oriental mysticism, with later influences from Christianity. It holds that all existence consists of emanations from the One with whom the soul may be reunited.

Noble Savage (concept)
a representative of primitive humankind as idealized in Romantic literature, symbolizing the innate goodness of humanity when free from the corrupting influence of civilization.

ode(concept)
a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.

Pantheism (concept)
a doctrine that identifies God with the universe, or regards the universe as a manifestation of God.

primitivism (concept)
a belief in the value of what is simple and unsophisticated, expressed as a philosophy of life or through art or literature.

Promethean Hero (concept)
rebel- antihero of, relating to, or resembling Prometheus, his experiences, or his art; especially : daringly original or creative
defies God

Satanic Hero (concept)
The archetype, or character type, of the Byronic hero was first developed by the famous 19th-century English Romantic poet Lord Byron. Most literary scholars and historians consider the first literary Byronic hero to be Byron’s Childe Harold, the protagonist of Byron’s epic poem Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.

Sublime (lit)
of such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe.

Suspension of disbelief (lit)
willing suspension of disbelief is a term coined in 1817 by the poet and aesthetic philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who suggested that if a writer could infuse a “human interest and a semblance of truth” into a fantastic tale, the reader would suspend judgment

slant Rhyme (poetry)
rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical, as in eyes, light; years, yours. Expand. Also called half rhyme, imperfect rhyme, near rhyme, oblique rhyme, off rhyme.