Literature Study Guide: Nonfiction, Poetry and Drama

nonfiction
A literary genre based on fact

biography
A written record of a persons life which covers from birth until death or until the present if the subject is still alive

autobiography
A record of a persons life written by the person whose life is being described

memoir
A certain type of autobiography which is generally discusses a certain. Theme or time in the authors life

poetry
A literary genre that has metered or rhythmically measure lines and is intended to evoke an emotional experience

alliteration
repetition of one initial sounds in more than one word. Usually the repeated sound is a consonant

onomatopoeia
A sound device where a word imitates the sounds associated with it

rhyme scheme
A pattern of rhymes in a poem.

Each new ride in the stands that is represented by a different letter of the alphabet

figurative language
metaphor: direct comparison not using like or assimile:comparison using like or asPersonification: figure of speech giving human characteristics to an animal, thing, idea, or other inanimate objectHyperbole: an extravagant or excessive exaggeration

fixed form poetry
what most people consider typical poetry. It is written in traditional verse and typically rhymes. A sonnet is an example of fixed form poetry

free verse
follows no specific guidelines about rhyme, meter, or links. Many times it sounds like regular speech

narrative poems
these poems tell a story

lyric poems
expresses a person’s thoughts or feelings

drama
A literary genre intended to be performed by actors on the stage

tragedy
A serious play that ends in disaster and sorrow

monologue
A long, uninterrupted speech by one character spoken in front of the others

Comedy
A lighthearted play intended to amuse the audience

soliloquy
A monologue where the character reveals his or her inner feelings while alone

aside
A comment that a character makes to the audience which is not intended for the other characters to hear

dramatic irony
A situation in which the audience knows more than the character on stage

stage directions
includes how and where to move on stage. It also gives descriptions and information about how an actor is supposed to read the line/what they should do onstage