Literature Study Guide: Nonfiction, Poetry and Drama

A literary genre based on fact

A written record of a persons life which covers from birth until death or until the present if the subject is still alive

A record of a persons life written by the person whose life is being described

A certain type of autobiography which is generally discusses a certain. Theme or time in the authors life

A literary genre that has metered or rhythmically measure lines and is intended to evoke an emotional experience

repetition of one initial sounds in more than one word. Usually the repeated sound is a consonant

A sound device where a word imitates the sounds associated with it

rhyme scheme
A pattern of rhymes in a poem. Each new ride in the stands that is represented by a different letter of the alphabet

figurative language
metaphor: direct comparison not using like or as
simile:comparison using like or as
Personification: figure of speech giving human characteristics to an animal, thing, idea, or other inanimate object
Hyperbole: an extravagant or excessive exaggeration

fixed form poetry
what most people consider typical poetry. It is written in traditional verse and typically rhymes. A sonnet is an example of fixed form poetry

free verse
follows no specific guidelines about rhyme, meter, or links. Many times it sounds like regular speech

narrative poems
these poems tell a story

lyric poems
expresses a person’s thoughts or feelings

A literary genre intended to be performed by actors on the stage

A serious play that ends in disaster and sorrow

A long, uninterrupted speech by one character spoken in front of the others

A lighthearted play intended to amuse the audience

A monologue where the character reveals his or her inner feelings while alone

A comment that a character makes to the audience which is not intended for the other characters to hear

dramatic irony
A situation in which the audience knows more than the character on stage

stage directions
includes how and where to move on stage. It also gives descriptions and information about how an actor is supposed to read the line/what they should do onstage