Lord of the flies is a British novel written by William Golding, in1954. In this book author writes a story about a group of British teenagers whowere evacuated from England because of the war, but their airplane crushes andthey got stuck in an island, without any grown-ups with them. This book talksabout how they try to survive and how boys get split in two group savagery, and Civilization. Author wants todescribe that how a group of young boys try to govern themselves in an unknownisland. Ralph, Jack, Piggy, Simon, Samand Eric, and Roger are main characters.Ralph was walking, and trying to explore the island, he meetspiggy. Piggy and Ralph talk to each other and they find out that their planecrushed and they are probably in an island without grown-ups.
Ralph makes funof Piggy because of his nickname, which is Piggy. Piggy is fat, he has asthma,he puts on spectacles and he does not his nickname repeated. Ralph is prettyexcited, but Piggy is concerned. They want to find everyone who is in thisisland. They suddenly find a conch shell in a pool of water. Piggy knows how itworks how to do to make a trumpet like sound but he has never done this becauseof the Asthma he has.
He tries to explain how it works to Ralph. Ralph blows init few times finally he becomes able to make a sound, and he calls up any otherboy that has probably survived.The first person who comes to Piggy and Ralph is a littlun namedJohnny. A group of boys having a long cloakalso start to appear from middle of the forest. This is a choir which is led byJack who says no one is going to come we need to take care of ourselves. Slowlyeveryone who has survived assembles in the beach. Ralph starts to talk and hesays they need a chief and some sort of rules.
Boys vote for Ralph to becometheir chief. In this time Jack gets humiliated. Ralph Jack, Ralph, and Simonclimb on mountains to find out where are they. He makes jack the leader of hunters’ choir. They find out that theyare in and Island, and there are pigs they can hunt. First pig Jack wants tohunt runs away.
Ralph calls boys up for another assembly and he tells to everyonethat they are in an island and they are alone without any adults. He saysanyone who has the conch can talk. This rule shows us that Ralph wantscivilization and order in everything. During this assembly suddenly a littluncatches the conch and asks Ralphs opinion about snake or the Beast. This momentis actually root of all conflict in this story. Ralph says there is not anybeast, but Jack says we are strong and brave enough to kill or hunt the beast.In this part there is two ways; boys either go to Ralph’s way or Jack’s way.Ralph says there should be a small signal fire lit on the top of mountain sothat if any ship passes by can recognize them, and rescue them.
Boys run up tothe mountain and make a huge and uncontrollable fire using Piggy’s spectacles. Jack keeps hunting even when everyone else got tired, but can’tcatch anything. Ralph is busy with making shelters, everyone else except Simonplays or swims, but Simon helps Ralph in making shelters. In this time Jack andRalph get into an argument, because both of them are very tired and both ofthem can’t convince each other. Meanwhile, a boy called Roger starts bullyingand throwing stone at a littlun called Henry he makes sure stones don’t hitHenry, but it is okay with Roger if stones hit Henry.
Jack goes and finds color to paint his face, and starts to do a wardance. He painted his face because he thinks pigs run away when they see hispink face. He starts to hunt again, and finally he manages to kill a pig. Whilehe and other guys are busy with killing pig the signal fire burns out.
On theother hand, Ralph sees a ship in the sea. He, Simon, and Piggy start to rush upto the mountain top but ship disappears. Ralph gets so angry, and he confrontsJack for loosing rescue ship. Jack gets humiliated, and he can’t do anything toRalph, instead he smacks piggy, and breaks his glasses. Jack apologizes fromRalph for letting fire burn out. Later on Ralph again calls boys for an assembly he says that boysare not doing what they said they would do like keeping the signal fire lit,building shelters, or pouring water in shells.
Ralph starts a debate on why arethey getting apart as group, and he adds that there is nothing to be afraid of.Jack snatches the conch, and says that littluns are crying because they are sissies,and crybabies, and he says that there is not any beast. Piggy claims that heagrees with some of the things that Jack has told, but not all, and he saysthat littluns are afraid of each other. A littlun, named Phil, suggests that beast comes from water. Thisclaim terrifies almost everyone. Another littlun blurts out that it is a ghost.
Piggy yells at them saying they are stupid. Jack tells him to shut up, andfights with him over the conch. Jack says Ralph shut up, and says that he isnot a good chief. Jack says he is not afraid of the beast, and he is braveenough to kill, and hunt the beast.
Ralph talking to Piggy and Simon says that he wants to give up onbeing the chief, but Simon and Piggy convince him not to do that saying thatJack hates Ralph, and Piggy, and he would hunt both of them.