Lucas RackersJanuary 17, 2018Adv geometry architecture paperGuggenheim Museum Bilbao The construction of the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao began in 1993 when the Basque government said that it would fund a Guggenheim Museum to be built in Bilbao and was opened to the public in 1997. This 32,500-square-meter (350,000 sq ft) site along the Nervión River is a giant piece of abstract art and in of itself houses many of the best permanent and traveling Spanish and international art pieces. The three most fascinating things about the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao are its beautiful random abstract shape, its effect on the city of Bilbao, and the exhibitations Upon being chosen for the job of carrying out the plan for the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, the architect Frank Gehry came up with the daring plan of having the a totally random and curving building designed to reflect the light.
Viewing it from different angles results in one seeing it once as a shining metallic flower, a cruise ship, factories, or the body of a fish. Made almost completely out of titanium, glass, and steel the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao reflects the industrial heart of the city in decrepit port area which once was the city’s main source of income. The dull reflections from the titanium plating used to make the majority of the museum complements the industrial look of the cruise ship, factory, and the scales of a fish. The museum is integrated well into its urban surroundings, its dull titanium color blending in with the factories of port area Bilbao. The Guggenheim Museum has been hailed as a one of the most spectacular buildings in the style of Deconstructivism due to it seeming like it is falling apart because of its curving seemingly collapsing towers. The inside of the building is just as astonishing as the outside.
The atrium is the center and heart of the entire building. With a vaulted ceiling and curved volumes there are multiple skylights flooding the room with light. The atrium is home for some 20 galleries orthogonally shaped and with classical proportions and others with organic, irregular lines. Curved titanium walkways and glass elevators lead out from the atrium to other parts of the building where there are multiple other exhibitions on display. The inside of the museum seems much cleaner than the outsides of the building. This is due to the fact that the inside is mostly painted white and for the most part is flooded with light while the outside gives the dull industrial look given by the titanium.Not only is the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao just known for its art on the inside and out, it is also known for economic renewal. In fact, there has been a phrase named after the museum called the Bilbao Effect referring to the fact that cultural investment plus showy architecture is supposed to equal economic uplift for cities.
The Guggenheim Museum was able bring an economic uplift to the city of Bilbao which was struggling at the time because almost immediately after its opening, the Guggenheim Bilbao became a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the globe. In the first three years 4 million tourists visited the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao and through their hotels, restaurants, etc generated enough money for the regional council to collect €100 million in taxes, more than enough to pay for the museum. The museums completely saved the city because of all the millions of visitors that visit it every year and now Bilbao is a booming town.The museum houses large-scale, site-specific works and installations by contemporary artists, such as Richard Serra’s 100-meter-long (340 ft) Snake, and displays the work of Basque artists, as well as housing a selection of works from the Foundation’s modern art collection. The exhibitions change often; the museum generally hosts thematic exhibitions, centered for example on Chinese or Russian art.
Traditional paintings and sculptures are a minority compared to installations and electronic form because the museum hosts mostly contemporary art. The collections usually highlight Avant-garde art, 20th century abstraction, and non-objective art which pushes the boundaries of what is considered the norm in society. With 24,000 square meters of which 11,000 are dedicated to exhibition space this museum has a huge art collection. This building is exceptional in almost every way. It in itself is a beautiful art piece that inspired many other obscure art forms, it revived a dying town, and has a huge collection of exhibits.
If I somehow ever get the chance to somehow go to Bilbao, I would totally go to the Guggenheim Museum because I really thought that the architecture was really good