Lyric Poetry Unit

lyric poetry
-expresses the thoughts and feelings of the author
-does not tell a story

elements of lyric poetry
-usually short
-the emotion usually has to be implied because it is not directly stated
-used to be recited to the strumming of a lyre (small harp)

types of lyric poetry
-ode
-elegy
-sonnet

ode
-a poem that tributes someone or something
-rhymed or unrhymed
-classical and modern

elegy
-mourns someone who has died
-rhymed or unrhymed

sonnet
-14 line poem written in iambic pentameter

classic ode
-originated in ancient Greece
-long, complex, elegant language
-celebrates a particular person or thing

modern ode
-looser in form and subject matter
-language is simpler and more informal
-celebrates a particular person or thing

Theme of O Captain! My Captain!
-although something great happens, tragedy can still strike

Attitude of O Captain! My Captain!
-sad and mournful (captain has died)
-happy/celebratory (war has ended)

Topic of O Captain! My Captain!
literal
-the ship has come home from its long journey and people are celebrating
-the captain of the ship has been killed, but only the speaker notices because others are celebrating
figurative
-the civil war has ended, slavery has been abolished and people are celebrating
-Abraham Lincoln has been assassinated and the citizens are torn whether to be happy about the war ending or to mourn the president’s death

Theme of Ode to Thanks
-a simple word or thing can go a long way

Attitude of Ode to Thanks
-thankful, positive

Topic of Ode to Thanks
-the speaker is thanking the word “thanks”
-the speaker believes the word is very powerful, is a nice thing to say, and unites people around the world

Theme of Mother to Son
-although times may be hard, it is important to never give up

Attitude of Mother to Son
-inspiring, motivated

Topic of Mother to Son
-a mother is telling her son that life has been difficult for her
-she has kept trying and has never given up even though she has gone through struggles