lyric poetry

lyric poem
musical type of poetry that “expresses emotions of the speaker.” it relies on a regular metrical pattern of combination of patterns

narrative poem
have a story telling as their main purpose

dramatic poem
heavily on dramatic events such as monologue and dialogue

elegies
a form of lyric poetry
mourning of the dead

ode
a form of lyric poetry
poem on serious theme with varying lengths and complex stanzas

end rhyme
rhyming words at the end of lines of verses

slant rhyme
rhyming without exact end rhyme and rhyming sounds similar but not identical

internal rhyme
rhyming words within lines

exact rhyme
words that have the same sound and spelling

enjambment
used by dickinson. its a continuing statement beyond end of a line. rather than end stopped line of verse

catalogs
used by whitman. its a list of items

free verse
poetry without rhyme or meter

lyric poets
Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson
influence this new american poetry
both develop their own verse
both observe and write about everyday life

Walt Whitman
1819-1892
born in NY
considered to be greatest american poet

brooklyn eagle
whitman was the editor of this and was fired due to his opposition to slavery.

The Bard of Democracy and the Good Grey Poet
nicknames of whitman
bard means storyteller
He was politically active, involved in the issues of slavery, territorial expansion, the Mexican War, free trade, state’s rights, worker’s strife. “He believed in the idea of using poetry as a form of political action.”

leaves of grass
1855 whitman published this at his own expense
Originally twelve poems, the book was a critical success, but largely ignored by public because of its lack of traditional poetic devices, rhythm and meter.
sent a copy of the book to Ralph Waldo Emerson who praised the book.
he continued to expand and republish the book until the 9th “deathbed” edition in 1891 with 383 poems

cadence
Whitman’s work abandoned traditional rhyme schemes and meter and favored the natural rhythms and speech patterns of free verse.
The technique is based on _____ the long easy sweep of sound that echoes the Bible and the speeches of orators and preachers.

Emily Dickinson
1830-1886
born in Amherst, MA
father is a lawyer
rarely leaves her home
educated at Mt. holyoke female seminary
avid reader, she favored the Bible, Shakespeare, Emerson, John Keats, and Alfred Tennyson.
only shared her work with those close to her

The Poems of Emily Dickinson
in her lifetime 7 poems were published
1000 poems written in original style
precise word choice using exact and slant rhyme

From I Hear American Singing
by walt whitman
S- author
A-reader
S- peoples everyday jobs in ameerica
author appreciates and praises people and workers
this is a catalog poem

By the Bivouacs Fitful Flame
by walt whitman
S- soldier
A- reader/internal monologue; thinking and talking to himself
S- thinking of battle
thinking of enemies in woods watching him
thoughts then turn towards home

bivouac
temporary camp/resting place for army

3 questions to ask yourself about poetry
speaker, audience, situation

Beat! Beat! Drums!
by walt whitman
S- poet
A-drums and bugles (stand in for those at wars)
S-eveything/everyone is affected by war
war impacts life
poets attitude-hates everything about war

much madbess is divinest sense
by emily dikinson
s-poet
a-reader
s-insanity and how madnesss is good but society doesnt think do