Major American Writers: Between WWI and WWII

Willa Cather
wrote My Antonia; prolific during the 1920s, reputation as one of the most important post-Civil War American authors

Gertrude Stein
Gertrude was boron February 3 1874 in Allegheny, Pennsylvania and was an American writer known for her role in the experimental arts and letters of Europe in the early part of the 20th century. She moved to France in 1904 and found herself in the center of a crowd of artists that included Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway and Henri Matisse. Although Stein had been writing plays, prose and poetry for years, she was unknown to most readers until the 1933 publication of The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, named after her companion of many years. Her other books include Three Lives (1908), Tender Buttons (1914) and The Making of Americans (1925).

Robert Frost
wrote “The Road Not Taken;” American poet; highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech; won Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry four times

Carl Sandburg
United States writer remembered for his poetry in free verse and his six volume biography of Abraham Lincoln (1878-1967).

Ezra Pound
“the river-Merchant’s wife: a letter”
an American expatriate poet and critic, and a major figure in the early modernist movement in poetry. He became known for his role in developing Imagism, which, in reaction to the Victorian and Georgian poets, favored tight language, unadorned imagery, and a strong correspondence between the verbal and musical qualities of the verse and the mood it expressed.

T.S. Eliot
American who became a British citizen; won the Nobel Peace prize in literature; wrote poetry and drama, 1888-1965
The Waste Land, the Hollow Men, Murder in the Cathedral, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

E.E. Cummings
(1864-1962)-graduate of Harvard University, uses little or no punctuation, rarely capitalizes words unless for emphasis (he also chose not to capitalize his name), became known for his concern for the individual and his ability to recognize life’s ironies. Wrote “since feeling is first”., I carry your heart with me, maggie and milly and molly and may, When Serpents Bargain for the Right to Squirm

Edna St. Vincent Millay
The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver; A Few Figs from Thistles; eight sonnets in American Poetry, 1922; A Miscellany, An American poet from Maine, published her first poem “Renascence” at the age of nineteen. Won a Pulitzer Prize for several volumes of poetry in 1923., Wrote poems celebrating youth & a life of independence & freedom from traditional constraints.

F. Scott Fitzgerald
writer of “This Side of Paradise” and “The Great Gatsby” who coined the term “Jazz Age”

Ernest Hemingway
wrote A Farewell to Arms, The Old Man and the Sea, and The Sun Also Rises; American writer and journalist; veteran of WWI, belongs to literary movement called ‘The Lost Generation’

E.B. White
an American writer who wrote Charlotte’s Web

John Steinbeck
American novelist who wrote “The Grapes of Wrath”. (1939) A story of Dustbowl victims who travel to California to look for a better life.

Langston Hughes
wrote Raisin in the Sun, (1902-1967) African American poet who described the rich culture of African American life using rhythms in?uenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and de?ance, as well as the culture of Harlem and had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.

Richard Wright
20th century writer best known for his novels dealing with the black experience in the United States. Two of his best known works are Black Boy and Native Son. The first African American writer to win a broad response from the reading public.