Matching Poetry Terms

scansion
identifying and naming the number of feet in a line of poetry
scansion

form
various sets of rules followed by poems of certain types
form

foot
the basic metrical unit, consisting of one accented syllable plus one or more unaccented syllables
foot

sonnet
a fixed form of poetry, means little sound or song
sonnet

stanza
connected thoughts set off by spaces, like paragraphs to prose
stanza

personification
giving human characteristics to nonhuman things
personification

free verse
poetry that is free from limitations of regular rhyme, rhythm or meter

alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words

metaphor
comparing two unlike things where one thing becomes the other
metaphor

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds inside of words
assonance

simile
using like or as to compare two unlike things
simile

figurative language
the meaning is different from the literal interpretation
figurative language

imagery
impressions brought to us by one or more of our senses
imagery

consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds inside of words
consonance

rhyme
a word that agrees with another sound
rhyme

rhyme scheme
the letter assigned to the rhyme sounds at the end of lines
rhyme scheme

onomatopoeia
verbal mimicries of sounds
onomatopoeia

rhythm
when any pattern repeats itself in verse regularly
rhythm

meter
stressed and unstressed syllable patterns in a line of poetry
meter

Haiku
Japanese poetry about nature with 17 syllables
Haiku

Cinquain
poem with 2, 4, 6, 8, 2 syllables
Cinquain

Shakespearean sonnet
Its rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg
Shakespearean sonnet

Italian sonnet
It has two stanzas 8 lines and 4 lines with a definite rhyme scheme
Italian sonnet

limerick
It has 3 accented syllables in the first, second, and fifth lines, and 2 accented syllables in the third and fourth lines. The 1st, 2nd, and 5th lines rhyme as do the 3rd and 4th lines.
limerick

ballad
It is made up of 4 lines with a rhyme scheme of either abcb or abab and a rhythmical pattern of four feet in lines one and three feet in lines two and four. Lines 2 and 4 rhyme. Lines 1 and 3 are generally unrhymed
ballad

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

couplet
Every two lines rhyme and usually have the same meter.
couplet

apostrophe
In poetry it is addressing someone who is absent or something inhuman as if it were human
apostrophe

refrain
the author repeats words, phrases, lines, or groups of lines.

denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
denotation

connotation
suggestions words accumulate in addition to their dictionary meanings
connotation

symbol
an image that stands for more than it indicates literally
symbol

allusion
a reference to some other work
allusion

iamb
./ which means unstressed, stressed syllables
iamb

trochee
/. which means stressed unstressed syllables
trochee

anapest
../ which means 2 unstressed and one stressed syllables
anapest

Dactyl
/.. which means 1 stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables

monometer
one foot

dimeter
2 feet

trimeter
3 feet

pentameter
5 feet

tetrameter
4 feet

hexameter
6 feet