MLA Citations

Which font do you use?
time’s new roman

Is it double or single spaced?
double

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is there extra space between paragraphs?
no

what size is the font?
12 point

when do you include the website in the citations?
if it can’t be found otherwise

how do you cite short passages from a text?
with the author and the page number

how do you cite fewer than three lines of a poem?
with a slash at the end of each verse and the space should proceed and follow the slash.

what do you put on the top left of the essay?
your name
teacher’s name
name of class
date

what do you put on the top right?
last name and page number

how do you write the title?
centered

how do you paraphrase short stuff?
put the title in parenthesis and quotations

how do you paraphrase long stuff?
put a semicolon

which order do you put the date?
day month, year

when is the thesis statement?
a clear position that you will support and develop throughout your paper, this sentence guides or controls your paper

what is the introductory paragraph?
sets the context for the rest of the paper where you tell your readers why you are writing and why your topic is important

how should the title be formatted?
centered and written in 12-point, times new roman font and is not bold underlined or italicized

when should the thesis be in the essay?
generally the last sentence of the introductory paragraph

when do you indent a quotation?
if it’s longer than 4 lines

how far indented should a longer than 4 lined quotation be?
1 inch

what should be at the end of a more than 4 line quotation?
the author and page number following the punctuation

when you cite something in a paragraph longer than 4 lines?
at the end, after the punctuation

what do you do if a source has more than three authors?
use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”

what does the conclusion do?
wraps up what you have been discussing in your paper

what is works cited?
a list of all the sources cited in your paper

what do you title it if you have only one source in your citation page?
work cited

do you include a website in the works cited page?
MLA no longer requires URLs in the works cited
instead, you must write “web” before the date of access

what do you do if there is no publisher list it, but you can infer what it is?
place the publisher’s name in brackets

what does MLA stand for?
modern language association

when do you not include the author in the in-text citation?
if it’s in the sentence

can you add or omit words from quotations?
yes, as long as you don’t twist the meaning

how do you cite an electronic source like an online database?
author and/or editor names (if possible)
article name in quotation marks (if applicable)
title of the website, project, or book in italics
any version numbers available, including revisions, posting dates, volumes, or issue numbers
publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date
take note of any page numbers (if available)
medium of publication
date you accessed the material

what do you need to remember when writing the title of the website, project or book in italics when you are citing an electronic source?
that some print publications have web publications with slightly different names
they may, for example, include the additional information or otherwise modified information, like domain names (e.g. .com or.net)

where can you find the publisher and date published?
at the bottom of the website

what are some mediums of publication?
online-WEB
book-PRINT

what is the date accessed?
today’s date

how do you cite an entire a web site?
editor, author or compiler name (if available)
name of site
version number
name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher)
date of resource creation (if available)
medium of publication
date of access

all separated by periods

what is an example of an entire web site citation?
The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and
Purdue U, 2008. Web. 23 Apr. 2008.

how do you cite a page on a web site?
author or alias (if known)
name of site
version number
name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher)
date of resource creation (if available)
medium of publication
date of access

what do you do if no publisher name is available?
n.p.

what do you do if no publishing date is given?
n.d.

what is an example of a page on a web site citation?
“How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

how do you punctuate a citation?
comma between last and first name of author and period after
quotations marks and a period around the page title
period after the site title
period after the posted date
period after the medium
period after the last date you looked at the site

how do you cite an image (including a painting, sculpture, or photograph)?
artist’s name
work of art italicized
date of creation
institution and city where the work was housed

follow initial entry with:

name of website in italics
medium of publication
date of access

what is an example of an image citation?
Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo
National del Prado. Web. 22 May 2006.

how do you cite the purdue owl?
The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. Date of access.

how do you cite an article in an online-only scholarly journal?
author
title
journal name
number of article
year of publication
if it’s online only n. pag.

how do you cite a journal which appears exclusively in an online format that does not make use of page numbers?
use the abbreviation n. pag. to denote that there is no pagination for the publication

what is an example of an online journal citation?
Dolby, Nadine. “Research in Youth Culture and Policy: Current
Conditions and Future Directions.” Social Work and Society:
The International Online-Only Journal 6.2 (2008): n. pag.
Web. 20 May 2009.

how do you cite an email interview?
person interviewed
subject line of email interview
medium
date of email interview

what is an example of an email interview citation?
Jameson, Ian. “Re: Interview Questions.” Email to Ian Jameson. 28 September 2013.

how do you cite a tweet?
user’s name (last name, first name)
his/her twitter username in parenthesis and a period outside the parenthesis
place the tween in entirety in quotations with a period after the tweet within the quotations
include the date and time of posting, using the reader’s time zone
separate the date and time with a comma and end with a period
include the word “tweet” afterwards and end with a period

what is an example of a tweet citation
Brokaw, Tom (tombrokaw). “SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of
this campaign.” 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m. Tweet.

how do you cite a youtube video?
Author’s Name or Poster’s Username.
“Title of Image or Video.” Media Type

Text. Name of Website. Name of Website’s Publisher, date of posting. Medium. date retrieved.

what is an example of a cited youtube video?
Shimabukuro, Jake. “Ukulele Weeps by Jake Shimabukuro.” Online video clip.

YouTube. YouTube, 22 Apr. 2006. Web. 9 Sept. 2010.

how do you cite a print source with a corporate author?
use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation

what can you do to avoid interrupting the flow of reading with overly long parenthetical citations?
use abbreviations (e.g., nat’l for national)

what do you do when a source has no known author?
use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name

how do you put the title in a citation with an unknown author?
place the title in quotation marks if it’s a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it’s a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number

what is an example of an in-text citation for a print source with an unknown author?
We see so many global warming hot spots in North America likely because this region has “more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . .” (“Impact of Global Warming” 6).

how do you do an in-text citation for a print source with an author?
Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).

Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).
Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

what is an example of a citation of a print source with an author?
Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford UP, 1967. Print.

what is an example of in-text citations for a print sources with a known author?
Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as “symbol-using animals” (3).
Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals” (Burke 3).

what is a citation for a print sources with a known author?
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966. Print.

what is a citation for a print sources by a corporate author?
“The Impact of Global Warming in North America.” Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.

what is an example of an author-page in-text citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions?
Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles (79; ch. 1).

what is an example of an in-text citation of 2 authors with the same names?
Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children (R. Miller 12), others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration (A. Miller 46).

what is an example of an in-text citation with multiple authors?
Smith, Yang, and Moore argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States (76).
The authors state “Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” (Smith, Yang, and Moore 76).

how do you do an in-text citation of a source with more than three authors?
use the work’s bibliographic information as a guide for your citation. Provide the first author’s last name followed by et al. or list all the last names

what are example of an in-text citation of a source with more than three authors?
Jones et al. counter Smith, Yang, and Moore’s argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4).
Or

Legal experts counter Smith, Yang, and Moore’s argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (Jones et al. 4).
Or

Jones, Driscoll, Ackerson, and Bell counter Smith, Yang, and Moore’s argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4).

how do you cite multiple works by the same author?
include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others and put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks

what is an example of an in-text citation for two articles by the same author?
Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children (“Too Soon” 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child’s second and third year (“Hand-Eye Development” 17).

what is an example of an in-text citation for two books by the same author?
Murray states that writing is “a process” that “varies with our thinking style” (Write to Learn 6). Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to “carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another” (A Writer Teaches Writing 3).

what is an example of an in-text citation when the author’s name is not mentioned in the sentence?
Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be “too easy” (Elkins, “Visual Studies” 63).

if the author’s name is not mentioned in the sentence, how would you format your citation with the author’s name?
follow it by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and followed, when appropriate, by page numbers

how do you in-text cite multi volume works?
include the volume number followed by a colon and put a space after the colon, then provide the page number(s)

what do you do if you only cite in-text from one volume of a multi volume work?
provide only the page number in parentheses

what is an example of a in-text citation from one volume in a multi volume work?
. . . as Quintilian wrote in Institutio Oratoria (1: 14-17)

how do you cite the Bible?
In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you’re using (and underline or italicize the title), as each version varies in its translation, followed by book (do not italicize or underline), chapter and verse

what is an example of an in-text bible citation?
Ezekiel saw “what seemed to be four living creatures,” each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle (New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10)

how do you cite indirect sources?
use “qtd. in” to indicate the source you actually consulted

what is an indirect source?
a source cited in another source

what is an example of an in-text indirect source citation?
Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as “social service centers, and they don’t do that well” (qtd. in Weisman 259).

how do you cite non-print or sources from the Internet?
Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).

what do you not include in a citation of a non-print source from the Internet?
paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function

what is an example of an in-text miscellaneous non-print source?
Werner Herzog’s Fitzcarraldo stars Herzog’s long-time film partner, Klaus Kinski. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film

what is an example of an in text miscellaneous non-print source?
During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention

what is an example of a miscellaneous non-print source?
Herzog, Werner, dir. Fitzcarraldo. Perf. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, 1982. Film.

what is an example of a miscellaneous non-print source?
Yates, Jane. “Invention in Rhetoric and Composition.” Gaps Addressed: Future Work in Rhetoric and Composition, CCCC, Palmer House Hilton, 2002. Presentation.

what is an example of an in-text electronic source citation?
One online film critic stated that Fitzcarraldo is “…a beautiful and terrifying critique of obsession and colonialism” (Garcia, “Herzog: a Life”).

what is an example of an in-text electronic source citation?
The Purdue OWL is accessed by millions of users every year. Its “MLA Formatting and Style Guide” is one of the most popular resources (Stolley et al.).

what is an example of an electronic source citation?
Garcia, Elizabeth. “Herzog: a Life.” Online Film Critics Corner. The Film School of New Hampshire, 2 May 2002. Web. 8 Jan. 2009.

what is an example of an electronic source citation?
Stolley, Karl, et al. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide.” The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006.

how do you cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference?
separate the citations by a semi-colon

what is an example of an in-text citation of multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference?
. . . as has been discussed elsewhere (Burke 3; Dewey 21).

what are examples of an in-text short quote citation?
According to some, dreams express “profound aspects of personality” (Foulkes 184), though others disagree.
According to Foulkes’s study, dreams may express “profound aspects of personality” (184).
Is it possible that dreams may express “profound aspects of personality” (Foulkes 184)

how do you cite long quotations in-text?
Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration:
They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw’s door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. (Bronte 78)

what is an example of citing long sections (more than three lines) of poetry in-text?
In his poem “My Papa’s Waltz,” Theodore Roethke explores his childhood with his father:
The whiskey on your breath
Could make a small boy dizzy;
But I hung on like death:
Such waltzing was not easy.
We Romped until the pans
Slid from the kitchen shelf;
My mother’s countenance
Could not unfrown itself. (quoted in Shrodes, Finestone, Shugrue 202)

what is an example of citing two or more paragraphs in-text?
In “American Origins of the Writing-across-the-Curriculum Movement,” David Russell argues,
Writing has been an issue in American secondary and higher education since papers and examinations came into wide use in the 1870s, eventually driving out formal recitation and oral examination. . . .
From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work (upholding disciplinary standards) and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widerning number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society (promoting social equity). . . . (3)

what is an example of adding words in a quotation?
Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states, “some individuals [who retell urban legends] make a point of learning every rumor or tale” (78).

how do you add words in a quotation?
use brackets around it

what is an example of omitting words in a quotation?
In an essay on urban legends, Jan Harold Brunvand notes that “some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale . . . and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs” (78).

how do you omit words in a quotation?
use 3 dots

how do you format the second or subsequent lines of a works cited page?
by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent

how do you format page numbers on the works cited page?
If you refer to a journal article that appeared on pages 225 through 250, list the page numbers on your Works Cited page as 225-50. Note that MLA style uses a hyphen in a span of pages

how do you list things on the works cited page?
by alphabetical order

how do you cite more than one work by a particular author on the works cited page?
order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the author’s name for every entry after the first

what is an example of citing more than one work by a particular author on the works cited page?
Burke, Kenneth. A Grammar of Motives. […]
—. A Rhetoric of Motives. […]

how do you alphabetize works with no known author by their title on the works cited page?
use a shortened version of the title in the parenthetical citations in your paper

what is an example of alphabetizing works with no known author by their title on the works cited page?
Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulations. […]
Boring Postcards USA. […]
Burke, Kenneth. A Rhetoric of Motives. […]

How should titles of short works, such as poems,
articles, and short stories, be formatted?
in quotation marks

How many lines are included in an MLA heading?
4

Where is the MLA heading located?
top left of first page

A Works Cited list is not required if all in-text citations have the author(s) and the page number(s) of the source, true or false?
false

What spacing should you use for your paper
double

Where is the title of an assignment located in a paper?
centered below the heading, near the top of the page

What should be in the top right hand corner?
student’s last name and page number

According to MLA format, the list of references which appear at the end of your paper is called ____________?
Works Cited

The references at the end of your paper should appear _______________?
In alphabetical order by author’s surname or title regardless of type of
reference

what is the correct parenthetical citation for this source? : Tannen
, Deborah. The Argument
Culture. Toronto: Random House, 1998
Every
issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument: “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the
only ways of responding to people or ideas” (Tannen 7)

what is the correct parenthetical citation for this source?:
Keaveney, Susan. “When MTV Goes CEO.” Acting on Words. Ed.David Brundage and Michael Lahey. Toronto: Pearson, 2004. 99-103.
According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (103)

If a source has more than three authors, how
should it be cited in the Works Cited list?
only the first author’s name should listed followed by et al.

An MLA Works Cited appears at the end of the
paper on a separate numbered page and
contains all works cited in the paper, true or false?
true

In MLA style, long quotations should be…
indented one inch (all lines) and written
without enclosing quotation marks

An MLA Works Cited list is alphabetized based
on the title of the source, true or false?
false

In MLA style, underlining is preferred instead
of italics, true or false?
true

What type of citation is this?: Calvino, Italo
. “Cybernetics and Ghosts.” The Uses of Literature: Essays. Trans. Patrick Creagh. San Diego: Harcourt, 1982. 3-27. Print.
book chapter

If an entry in a Works Cited List is longer than
one line, second and all subsequent lines need
to be indented half an inch, true or false?
true

How should titles of long works, such as novels and plays be formatted?
underlined or italicised

What type of citation is this?: Kennedy, Louise. “Same Old Song.” Boston Globe. 9 March 2003, late ed.: N1+. Print.
newspaper article

What type of citation is this?: Wolff, Larry. “‘The Boys are Pickpockets, and the Girl is a Prostitute’: Gender and Juvenile Criminality in Early Victorian England from Oliver Twist to London Labour.” New Literary History. 21. 1 (1996): 227-249. Print.
journal article

“Melanoma: low-dose
chemobiotherapy is effective in treatment of metastic melanoma. “Medical Devices & Surgical Technology Week 19 Feb. 2006: 372. R.W.
Weber’s work and a quotation from him are referred to in the above article, but the material has been taken from another source. Which of the following parenthetical citations is correct?
According to R.W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with historically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (qtd. in “Melanoma” 372).

What type of citation is this?Perle, George. Serial Composition and Atonality: an Introduction to the Music of Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern. 6th ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. Print.
book

You are using material from a newspaper article. There is no author given, but the title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?,” published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2.
Which is the proper citation for this paraphrase?
Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (“Was Emerson lying” A2).

The original quotation from Jeremy Black, a film critic, reads “This film can
be said to be many things, but one of the things it is not is funny.” Which is fair use of this quotation?
Jeremy Black insists that “[t]his film…is not…funny.”

If the author’s last name is mentioned in the text,
then it does not need to be included in
parentheses, true or false?
true

what is a citation for harry potter and the sorcerer’s stone?
Rowling, J. K.
Harry Potter and the
Sorcerer’s Stone
. New York: Scholastic,
1997. Print.