Modernist Poets

born in Haley, ID, but moved to Philadelphia as an infant
Ezra Pound

studies at the U of Pennsylvania, befriends WCW, dates H.D.
Ezra Pound

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studies at Hamilton College, earns Ph.B.
Ezra Pound

graduates with an M.A. from U of Pennsylvania in languages (studied Latin, Old English, French, and Italian), eventually learns seven languages
Ezra Pound

fired from instructorship at Wabash College in Indiana, moves to London
Ezra Pound

publishes 6 volumes of verse in 3 years
Ezra Pound

becomes Poetry magazine’s international correspondent, writes for a number of literary periodicals
Ezra Pound

lives with Yeats, acts as his editor/secretary
Ezra Pound

meets Eliot, publishes “Prufrock” in Poetry
Ezra Pound

moves to Parish & helps establish American expatriate literary circle there
Ezra Pound

moves to Italy
Ezra Pound

arrested for treason after making anti-American radio broadcasts
Ezra Pound

after being declared mentally unfit to stand trial, is confined in St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington, D.C.
Ezra Pound

group of American writers lobby for X’s release, upon release, X settles in Venice, Italy, and resides there until death
Ezra Pound

Personae
Ezra Pound

(experiments in dramatic monologue)

Ripostes
Ezra Pound

(first self-consciously imagist poems)

Des Imagistes
Ezra Pound

(anthology of poems X put together)

Cathay
Ezra Pound

(idiosyncratic translations of ancient Chinese poems)

ABC of Economics
ABC of Reading
Make it New
Jefferson and/or Mussolini
Ezra Pound

(essays on culture, politics, and economics)

The Cantos
Ezra Pound

made the modernist canon
Ezra Pound

tireless advocacy for poets of all types, especially those who wanted to “make it new”
Ezra Pound

supported/advocated Frost, Williams, Hemingway, HD, Eliot, Olson, Ginsberg, Yeats, Ammons, Moore, Duncan, Crane, Joyce
Ezra Pound

revolutionary ideas for what makes for good poetry in the modern age (“don’t,” manifestos, Imagism, Vorticism)
Ezra Pound

promoted a poetry that eschewed traditional forms in favor of raw energy, demanded rigorous cutting of all words that didn’t lend power to the poem, and emphasized the presentation of images without context or comment
Ezra Pound

notion of “the poem including history,” demonstrated especially in The Cantos, which allowed discursive, almost pedagogical discourse into the poem as well as multiple allusions to past events and words of art
Ezra Pound

taut, vigorous line–“to break the pentameter, that was the first heave”
Ezra Pound

born in St. Louis
T.S. Eliot

spends undergraduate years at Harvard
T.S. Eliot

spends year at the Sorbonne in Paris after receiving BA and MA at Harvard
T.S. Eliot

returns to Harvard to study philosophy as a grad student; begins doctoral thesis on F.H. Bradley; finishes dissertation but never defends it
T.S. Eliot

goes to England on fellowship, meets Ezra Pound
T.S. Eliot

takes position at Lloyds Bank in the Colonial and Foreign Department
T.S. Eliot

ill and exhausted, takes leave from Lloyds Bank
T.S. Eliot

first issue of Criterion appears in 1922; lasts till 1939
T.S. Eliot

joins publishing house of Faber & Gwyer, leaves Lloyds Bank
T.S. Eliot

enters the Church of England and assumes British citizenship
T.S. Eliot

gives many lectures and readings in both England and America
T.S. Eliot

concentrates on verse-plays for the rest of career
T.S. Eliot

1948, wins Nobel Prize for Literature
T.S. Eliot

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and Other Observations
T.S. Eliot

The Waste Land
T.S. Eliot

Ash Wednesday
T.S. Eliot

(a religious meditation, his first major work after conversion to Anglicanism)

Murder in the Cathedral
T.S. Eliot

(a verse play)

The Four Quartets

(Burnt Norton
East Coker
The Dry Salvages
Little Gidding)

T.S. Eliot

(meditations on time and eternity)

Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats
T.S. Eliot

(a verse play, inspiration of Cats the musical)

The Cocktail Party
T.S. Eliot

(a verse play)

an influential cultural and literary critic, helped usher in New Criticism
T.S. Eliot

early poetry is a depiction of the alienation and spiritual deprivation of the modern world
T.S. Eliot

influential technique of fragmentation, combined with multiple allusions to ancient myths and imagistic vignettes of contemporary life
T.S. Eliot

late poetry’s philosophical meditations on time and eternity–especially championed by Christian and culturally conservative poets
T.S. Eliot

highly successful verse plays
T.S. Eliot

ability to integrate myth and modern culture
T.S. Eliot

born in Rutherford, NJ
William Carlos Williams

attends school in Europe
William Carlos Williams

attends U of Pennsylvania, befriends Pound and HD
William Carlos Williams

begins medical practice in Rutherford, keeps up for entire career
William Carlos Williams

marries Florence Herman
William Carlos Williams

has poems published in Pound’s Des Imagists anthology, befriends Stevens and Moore
William Carlos Williams

wins award from The Dial (also wins prize from Poetry), but is sued for using a person’s real name in a story and loses $5,000
William Carlos Williams

recognizes a shift in his poetics as he works toward epic poem, Paterson
William Carlos Williams

begins to receive national recognition — National Book Award and Bollingen Prize
William Carlos Williams

suffers a series of strokes
William Carlos Williams

appointed Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, then was dismissed due to connection with Pound and suspicions of anti-Americanism
William Carlos Williams

gives readings across the nation
William Carlos Williams

dies, awarded the Pulitzer posthumously
William Carlos Williams

Al Que Quiere!
William Carlos Williams

Sour Grapes
William Carlos Williams

Spring and All
William Carlos Williams

(an unusual blend of prose and poetry)

In the American Grain
William Carlos Williams

(an inventive collection of essays on mythic American figures)

The Wedge
William Carlos Williams

Paterson
William Carlos Williams

(an epic in 5 parts, collage of poetry, personal letters, historical documents, even an interview with Mike Wallace)

The Desert Music
William Carlos Williams

(long, more meditative poems)

Journey to Love
William Carlos Williams

(includes “Asphodel, that Greeny Flower,” a poem of reconciliation for his wife)

Pictures from Brueghel
William Carlos Williams

(Pulitzer Prize, ekphrasis–representation of visual art within a literary work)

also wrote an autobiography, innovative short stories, a few novels, plays, and an opera libretto
William Carlos Williams

prolific, diverse, and continually innovative body of work in many genres
William Carlos Williams

constant effort at articulating the aims of art and poetry that influenced the next generation of writers
William Carlos Williams

concrete imagery often without comment
William Carlos Williams

formal experimentation with line and rhythm that led to the “variable foot” in Paterson, The Desert Music, and Journey to Love
William Carlos Williams

insistence on “the local” as the subject for poetry, and colloquial diction as the language of poetry
William Carlos Williams

forged a peculiarly American brand of modernism that countered Pound’s and Eliot’s cosmopolitanism
William Carlos Williams