Morality and MeaningThe RoadI believe we all have moral standards. Morality describes the principles that govern our behavior. Without these principles in place, societies cannot survive for long. In today’s world, morality is frequently thought of as belonging to a particular religious point of view, but by definition, we see that this is not the case. Everyone has a moral compass of some kind. I feel that I have a strong sense of morality, and the past few novels I have read emphasized the value of morality through God, carelessness, money, and revengeSonIn Cormac McCarthy’s post-apocalyptic book the value of morality is portrayed through God. The ideas of morality are in the words of the Boy. The Boy has grown up in a world where civilization has disappeared, where the trees and animals are long gone and the world is getting colder. Where the good people have mostly committed suicide and the bad people kill and eat others to survive. A world where religion and God simply do not exist. And yet it was through the words and actions of the Boy that the writer was able to tell the idea of morality. Morality is the main idea of this novel and almost everything revolves around it.DadThe Man is the boy’s father He guides the Boy throughout their journey together and shows morality in many ways. He believes has been entrusted by God to keep the Boy safe and to protect him from harm and the horrible evils in the world even if that means killing him before the bad guys can get to him. The Man wonders if he has it in him to do harm to his own son but if he has to do it he will. He has a strong love for his son and always wants to do the right thing. The Boy is the only source of light in the man’s world. Everything he does is for his son and to protect him. The connection that the man feels with his son is sacred, almost holy, he believes that his son is meant to be alive and God is here to help him. He must push himself and his son to extreme measures in order to survive from the bad guys and starvationConclusionThere are many ways morality is strong throughout this novel.The Great GatsbyIn the Great Gatsby, the author conveys the idea that morality is something of little importance to many people especially when it comes to obtaining status/wealthTom The Great Gatsby is one of the books that destroy the value of morality because of its lack of it. Tom lacks morality in many ways. At one point he violently says “Civilization is going to pieces”.. “I’ve gotten to be a terrible pessimist about things. Have you read ‘The Rise of the Colored Empires’ by this man Goddard? The idea is if we don’t look out the white race will be will be utterly submerged. It’s all scientific stuff; it’s been proved”Racism is one of Tom’s strongly held beliefs. He doesn’t really understand the position of white supremacy, but he assumes the idea, trusting his source “The Rise of the Colored Empires,” is accurate. Instead of at least understanding and investigating his source of information, Tom adopts racism solely because it supports his social status above the rest of society. In his drive to justify his “old money” supremacy, Tom fails to consider the moral alternative of equality. GatsbyGatsby is another main character who lacks morality. “He and a man named Wolfsheim bought up a lot of side-street drug-stores here and in Chicago and sold grain alcohol over the counter. That’s one of his little stunts. I picked him for a bootlegger the first time I saw him, and I wasn’t far wrong”. Gatsby, in his unstoppable drive to attain money and get back together with Daisy, pays no heed to the morality of his actions. He freely holds massive parties at which all become drunk, and he pays for these parties and his expensive home by running a multi-state illegal operation, putting him into the status of the rich. But for Gatsby, status and wealth are all that matters. He remembers that Daisy left him because she could not wait for him to gain money, so he seeks to resolve that issue through whatever means necessary, never considering whether his actions are morally justifiedCarelessnessThere are also other values destroyed throughout this novel such as carelessness. Jordan and Nick’s conversation about carelessness is also important in establishing the moral values of the novel. Nick makes fun of her for being a bad driver and this conversation develops into a discussion of careless people. Ironically, Jordan says she hates careless people, even though she is one herself. The definition shifts to include people who are careless in relationships, perhaps not caring or loving. In Chapter 9, Jordan complains that Nick too was careless, which led to her suffering from his ill-treatment in the relationship. Jordan is essentially self-preoccupied, but Nick uses the term more broadly. He reflects that Daisy and Tom had no sense of social responsibility or respect for others.ConclusionTherefore moral standards are extremely low in the novel The Great Gatsby as they do things no one with a high moral standard would do such as murder and illegal operations to get money just to get a girl back.HamletIn Hamlet by William Shakespeare there are many things that break the moral code such as revenge and murder but in the environment, these things that would be considered immoral become moral because of the actions occurring around them. Even characters you would somewhat consider innocent engage in actions against the moral code. The main idea Shakespeare shows is that morality creates more destruction and corruption. Throughout the play Hamlet acts to avenge the murder of his father, he acts in a way that would rid this world of an immoral man that murdered his father but because of his actions he created more immoral actionsKilling PoloniusPolonius: “O, I am slain…” Hamlet: “Nay, I know not. Is it the King?” Gertrude: “O, what a rash and bloody deed are this!” (26-28)Hamlet murders Polonius because that he is king and he thinks he is avenging his father’s murder and that he is a spy but as seen by the moral code because his death was not during a war or against a known enemy which makes his actions immoral Death of Guildenstern and Rosencrantz”So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go to’t. Why, man, they did make love to this employment. They are not near my conscience; their defeat does by their own insinuation grow.” (56-59)Another two deaths caused by hamlet are immoral actions because hamlet received a letter saying he is to be killed but he then replaces the letter with another one that says whoever carries this letter is to be killed so Hamlet sends men who were his friends to their death because they are doing what their king is telling them to do. They don’t know the king is a murderer and they are following orders from the man they should be absolutely loyal to. Their deaths aren’t justified because they aren’t a true threat to Hamlet and their betrayal, while personal, doesn’t justify this response and are immoral actions. ClaudiusClaudius Claudius actions create a chain effect because if Claudius did not go kill king hamlet no one else in the play would have committed immoral actions Claudius kills king hamlet out of greed and jealousy even he himself acknowledges this is immoral and cannot be justified. Also, Claudius causes someone else to die because of his actions his actions cause Gertrude to die which is a cause of collateral damage as she is poisoned. ConclusionThroughout the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare immoral acts result in death and the need for revenge. One character is avenging his father a moral action and in doing so he creates a chain of death and actions of questionable morality. Many lives are lost in the pursuit to commit a moral act.