More and its contents to humans in common,

More
often than not, intellectual property and the ownership of intellectual
property is traced back to its phiosophical roots of labour. According to
prevalent views, copyright has two facets: the proerty rights which are objects
of commerce and which terminate after the period fixed by law; and the moral
right which is inalienably attached to the person of the author.  The ontological approach to the theories of
labour is often accepted as being the accurate approach while applying the
Natural law theory and Labour law theory ie., the approach of treating property
having certain characteristics that can be fit into a certain mould. The concept of self-ownership of property has esentially gone through several
changes owing to the societal advancements and contingencies pertaining to the
different ages and the theories of several eminent philosophers.

 

However, John Locke’s theory of labour is found
to be the most relatable to intellectual property rights. John Locke’s
justification of private property rights in the Second Treatise on Government
is the most common of the intrinsic or natural rights theories of intellectual
property which essentially highlights two important aspects viz., the ownership
of property is an innate way of survival and that it stems from the fact that
all human beings are under the direction of the Almighty to sustain themselves
and that property is a very natural and imperative need. Thus, to sum it up, Locke’s
theory posits at least three divinely ordained facts: that God put humans on
earth to flourish, that God gave the earth and its contents to humans in
common, and that God has given property rights to people over themselves and
their labor. These presuppositions form a large part of the foundation of
Locke’s theory of property

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