MR. LOWE’s LIT poetry terms Crowder College

Accentual poetry
linked by alliteration or assonance

refers to the repetition of vowel sounds

“dawn songs”

Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one

Anapestic meter
two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one; the meter of the poem thus consists of the name of the foot most frequently found in the poem joined to the basic line length

referring to a narrative poem, a play, or a work of prose fiction that bears meaning on both a literal and a figurative or moral level

the repetition of sound in poetry or prose

three forms without fixed length; seven or eight line stanzas, usually in groups of three; each stanza ends with the same line

three-syllable foot with the accent on the middle syllable

the rhyme, the rhythm, the rounded-off pattern formed by the stanzas

two consecutive lines that rhyme

accentual-syllabic meters dividing each line of poetry; one stressed syllable with its attendant unstressed syllables

two stresses per line

Duple meters
one of the most common is the iambic, which has two syllables

End-stopped lines
because your voice stops at the end of them, the first and fifth lines

Dactylic meter
three syllables, the first stressed

oriental poetry, especially in the brief, seventeen-syllable form

six stresses (also known as an alexandrine)

an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one

Incremental repetition
many phrases recur throughout the stanzas, creating a melancholy, hypnotic effect

Petrarchan sonnet
consists of an octet, rhymed abba abba, and sestet, rhymed either cdcdcd or cdecde

a four-syllable foot

Mood, in poetry
we recognize in them traditional terms, pairings, and comparisons; gains its effects through unexpected juxtapositions of common words, bringing new meaning into the ordinary

a figure of speech in which opposite or contradictory ideas or terms are combined

Accentual-syllabic verse
its rhythm depends not only on the number of stressed syllables, but also on the total number of syllables per line, and on the placement of the stresses within that totality

Renaissance poetry
heavily patterned; tended to be static, stating a position and then elaborating on it

Rime royal
a seven-line stanza rhyming ababbcc

Trochaic meter
has two syllables, the first stressed

Vers libre
free verse, and not always unrhymed form

a fixed total length of five lines

two-syllable foot with both syllables accented

four stresses

Terza rima
has three lines, but only the first and last rhyme

has three lines that rhyme

a (“transfer of name”) the name of a thing is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.

five stresses

Envoi or Envoy
addressed directly to the person for whom the ballade is being written; ends with the refrain