Music is anessential part of every person’s life, one of the tools that gives emotionalnourishment and relaxation, it can convey and show feelings. Music plays animportant role and it can be found in many aspects of our life: theater,television, movies, holidays, celebrations, various ceremonies, and just walks.Additionally, it is very beneficial for people’s development especially foryouth. A research done by Sutton-Smithand Kelley (2008) demonstrates the study with real life example where: the tworesearchers’ studies followed the early infancy years of three girls whose parentshad non-identical melodious influences where the family members of the firstgirl were known and worked as professional musicians while the parents of thesecond girl were hardly interested in music and known as amateur musicians.Finally, the third girls’ parents had the lowest orientation in music and madethe least musical choices since they were not professional musicians at all.The researchers’ discovery suggests that there was a great difference betweenthe two families who exposed their daughters to a diverse category of music andthe family who did not captivate in integrating musical knowledge at all.
Ithas been considered by many people that there are many effects of being exposedto music for the extended period of time as it effects on the physical,socio-emotional and mental development. First of all, oneof the most important things in our life is the health. The latest concernsabout it have led to different researches where the main attention has paid tophysical development and studies showed that music has many beneficial effectson the health especially in young ages. Derri et al. (2001) examined the impactof 10-week music and movement processes on the children’s health quality agedfrom 4 to 6 years. They improved in many different physical activities such ashorizontal jumping, skipping and running.
There are also different otherfacilities which can improve the health quality and one of them is singingwhich has a beneficial effect on the proper work of lungs. Clift and Hancox (2001)studied young people who were members of a university choir, they found that58% reported had benefited in some physical way, 84% responded positively inrelation to health benefits mainly in lung function, breathing, improved mood,and stress has reduced. There is also evidence that learning to play aninstrument improves coordination. Moreover, there are certain instruments whichhelp children to develop fine motor skills because they necessitate movement ofthe hands, arms, and feet (Schaulg et al, 2005). In addition, thereare other benefits of connecting young children with the music as it improvesnot only fine motor skills but also effects beneficially on socio-emotionaldevelopment of children especially in young ages.
Participating in differentmusic activities leads to a sense of an achievement, an increasing ofself-esteem and confidence; group activities promotes social skills ofnetworking, co-operating, responsibility, supporting, bonding to meet groupgoals, increasing concentration. “Making music with others gives children awonderful feeling of belonging to the group. Children who might have difficultyjoining activities with others because they are shy, have limited abilities orspecial needs, can freely participate when it comes to music activity,” writesDr.
Patricia Vardin, chair of the Early Childhood Education Department atManhattanville College. In contemporary world there are many small musicalgroups where the social relationships and the development of trust and respectare the basics for their functioning or even surviving. For their successrehearsals have to be with strong social frameworks as interactions are alwaysconnected to conflicts and compromises. The smaller the group the moreimportant personal friendship seems to be. For example, Broh (2002) showed thatstudents who participate in different activities related to music talk morewith their parents and teachers. She figured out that these social benefits canlead to higher self-esteem also can increase motivation and self-efficacy.Other analysis has shown 6 dimensions with the benefits of singing – well-beingand relaxation, benefits for breathing, social and emotional benefits, andbenefits for heart and immune system. The research with adult singers haveconcluded that there are a range of health benefits of participating in achoir.
There is every reason to suppose that these benefits would also apply tochildren. They are physical relaxation emotional release, a sense of happiness,positive mood, joy, a sense of emotional and physical well-being, an increasedsense of energy, increased sense of motivation (Clift et al, 2008). Most important, sharing music with children isone of the ways to show love. Last but notleast, music has some beneficial impacts related to studying because musicinvolves almost all of our cognitive abilities. Music is connected very closeto our lives as babies arrive on this world already prepared to process music.For very young children, music has power and meaning that go beyond words.Music also supports the formation of important brain connections that are beingestablished over the first three years of life (Carlton, 2000). Also, musicianshave greater verbal working memory than non-musicians, so that can be showneven on 8 months babies who have shown recognition of a familiar piece of musicafter a two-week delay (Ilari & Polka 2006).
The music training canpositively effect various cognitive abilities such as perception in memory andlanguage skills. Music learner has to read faster than others because they haveto plan for upcoming notes which is very beneficial for studying. (Drake andPalmer, 2000). A research which done in 2007 by Christopher Johnson, aprofessor of music education and musical therapy at the University of Kansas,demonstrated that pupils in elementary schools with music programs scored 22%better in English and 20% better in math scores on tests than those who studiedin schools without music programs. Musical training can also aid in bettermemory and concentration. Also the same parts of the brain that fires when oneis solving a mathematical equation also becomes activated when one is readingmusic.
Music ignites all areas of child development and skills for schoolreadiness: intellectual, social and emotional, motor, language, and overallliteracy. It helps the body and the mind work together. Exposing children tomusic during early development helps them learn the meanings of words. Forchildren and adults, music helps to strengthen memory skills. Music canactually increase an I.Q. level.
E.Glenn Schellenberg at the University of Toronto at Mississauga studied in a2004 issue of Psychological Science, found a small increase in the IQs ofsix-year-olds who were participated weekly vocal and piano lessons. Then shehas provided nine months of piano and voice lessons to a dozen six-year-olds,drama lessons to a second group ofsix-year-olds to see the difference between music and drama, and no lessons toa third group. The children’s IQs were tested before entering the first grade,then again using the same test before entering the second grade.
The best resultshave shown the first group and they gained 3 IQ points while the other twogroups had their same IQ as a previous time. Music does not make a child turninto a genius but it will help them relate and grasp ideas in a more creativeand sensible way. To sum up, thereis a consideration of beneficial influences of music on early childhooddevelopment such as physical benefits, socio-emotional benefits and physicalbenefits. Music in close connection with movements can help to increasephysical condition of the body as can be seen in the reaserch with horizontal jumpingand running and it can be beneficial in improving the health condition of lungsand breathing. In addition, it improves socio-emotional skills which havebenefits in future life and also helpful to feel confidence, improveself-esteem and different interactions between their friends.
Last, it alsoincreases the IQ level, memory, language skills and literacy at all. “If I werenot a physicist, I would probably be a musician. I often think in music. I livemy daydreams in music.
I see my life in terms of music.” – Albert Einstein.