myths and epic poetry 9TSR

Ancient Greece
the setting for the Odyssey

Homer
a blind poet who is given credit for writing The Odyssey and The Iliad

The Iliad
epic poem about the Trojan War

The Odyssey
epic poem about the Greek hero Odysseus and his long voyage home after the Trojan War

Odysseus
a major Greek hero of the Trojan War and the protagonist of The Odyssey

dynamic character
a character that changes throughout the course of a story

antagonist
the character(s) who is fighting against the protagonist

Polyphemus
a one-eyed giant (Cyclops) that Odysseus tricks

Circe
a witch who turns Odysseus’ men into pigs

Scylla & Charybdis
sea monsters in The Odyssey

The Sirens
beautiful maidens that sang and caused sailors to crash on rocks and die

epic poem
a long narrative poem about the deeds of gods and heroes using an elevated style

epic hero
a larger-than-life character who embodies the goals and virtues valued by his culture

characteristics of an epic hero
superhuman strength, loyalty, bravery, extreme cunning, intelligence, great warrior

characteristics of an epic
invocation to the muse, epic simile, in medias res, gods take interest in hero

invocation to the muse
a prayer at the beginning of an epic poem that asks for inspiration from a muse

muse
one of 9 sister goddesses that had the ability to inspire

epic simile
an elaborate (extended) comparison of unlike things

myth
a traditional story of anonymous origin that deals with gods,heroes, and supernatural events for the purpose of explaining the world’s phenomena (i.e, earthquakes, seasons..)