n not escape it. Disease, physical isolation, climate

n chapter 1 Sachs
takes a journey to Malawi, Bangladesh, India, and China to show different
levels of poverty. This journey helps him set examples relating to his thesis
about poverty. His main focus is on the descending ladder of economic advancement.

The ill, hungry and or destitute to get food on foot are the lowest on the
ladder. This mean they are at the bottom of the development ladder as well as
making up 1/6 of the bottom population. The poorest people in the countries
Sachs visited live on less than a dollar a day. 1.5 billion people in other
counties are at the upper end of low income on the ladder. These individuals
are just above the poverty level.

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            The four countries Sachs visits are
seen to have the poorest of the poor. Malawi is known for Malaria and AIDS,
seen in Sachs book as well as infested water and people living off of less than
one dollar a day. In Bangladesh Sachs talks about the cruel labor of
sweatshops, which in hopes increase more independent economic advancements to
be made. On the other hand, India is known for the country with increasing
population of the “middle incomes”. Many people in rural areas living off of
one to two dollars a day. While stated in Sachs first chapter, China still has
poverty, but like India is rising and increasing to resemble the west. Sachs saw
the first cell phone in Beijing and not in America.


            Sachs says the greatest tragedy of
our time is that one-sixth of the world’s population is not even on the first
rung of the ladder. Most of these individuals who are very poor, can not get
out of debt and can not escape it. Disease, physical isolation, climate stress,
environmental degradation, and extreme poverty itself are the main reasons why
people can not escape poverty. He breaks poverty into three levels. The first
is extreme poverty which means
households cannot meet basic needs for survival. This only occurs in developing
countries. The second is moderate
poverty and this is where needs are generally just barely met. Lastly, relative poverty generally describes
household income level at being below a given percentage of the average
national income. You find this in developed countries.


            One challenge that Sachs talks about
is how our generation has is helping the poor depart from being the poorest
individuals and advance back up he chain to economic development.  Ensuring all who are the world’s poor,
including moderately poor, have a chance to climb higher in economic
development. Sachs believes that the following can be done, meet the Millennium
Development Goals by 2015, end extreme poverty by 2025. To ensure well before
2025, that all of the world’s poor countries can make reliable progress up the
ladder of economic development. In order to succeed in doing so the riches
countries would have to help financially, which is more than what they are
doing now.


big topic that Sachs touches upon is that poverty is everywhere. In every
single country you will find rich and poor people. Here in the United States
there are rich and poor. The difference between the poor in America and the
poor in third world countries is that, the poor in third world countries live
in extreme poverty and where as in America the poor just live in poverty.  The extreme poverty, that Sachs talked about
are in countries like South and East Asia and Sub Saharan Africa.