Narrative Poetry Terms

Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds, primarily at the beginning of the word.

Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in a sentence, line of poetry, or prose.

Ballad
A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action, rhythm, and directly narrated.

Blank Verse
A line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter.

Concrete Poem
A poem written to suggest the shape of its subject matter.

Connotation
The associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictionary meaning.

Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may/may not constitute a separate stanza.

Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word.

Diction
The selection of words in a literary work.

Elegy
A lyric poem that laments the dead.

Eulogy
A speech or writing in praise of any specific thing. Especially those dead or retired.

Epitaph
A short text honoring a deceased person.

Epic
A long narrative poem narrating the journey of a hero.

Figurative Language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than what is said.

Free Verse
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter/rhyme.

Haiku
Traditional Japanese poem, three lines, written 5-7-5 syllables.

Hyperbole
An exaggerated figure of speech.

Iamb
An unstressed, followed by a stressed, syllable.

Imagery
The pattern of related comparative aspects in language.

Lyric Poem
A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and expression.

Metaphor
A comparison between essentially unlike things without a comparative word such as: “like” or “as.”

Meter
The pattern of rhythmic accents in poems.

Mood
The feeling the author tries to create through imagery.

Ode
A long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter, and form.

Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate the sounds they describe.

Penameter
A line with 5 metered feet.

Personification
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with human characteristics.

Quatrain
A four-line stanza, the first and second four lines in a Petrachan sonnet.

Rhyme
The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words.

Rhythym
The recurrence of accent or stress in a line of verse.

Simile
A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things such as like, as, or as though.

Sonnet
A fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter.

Stanza
A division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form.

Tone
The implied attitude of a writer towards the subject.

Verse
Either a definite number of lines of poetry, or a general term for poetic composition.