New Zealand needs immigrants to help build the country
Immigration is international movement of people from one country to another country where they do not possess citizenship and are not natives in order to permanently reside and settle there as naturalized citizens or to work there and get employed as a migrant worker for some period of time. The topic of immigration is getting more and more attention nowadays in New Zealand as it reaches the record level of immigrants every coming year. In this regard, this essay will primarily discuss the effects of immigration on New Zealand and how immigration may help in building the country. And further, it will discuss how immigration affects the economy of the country and helps in keeping in a good shape. Therefore, thesis statement of the essay can be stated as “Immigration is good for the country as a whole and it will keep helping in building a country”.
Why New Zealand needs Immigration
Immigration means movement of a person from one country to another of which person is not a citizen to either permanently settle there or for the need of work. Immigration has always been an important factor in the New Zealand labor market. After World War II New Zealand limited immigration to those who would meet labor shortage. And most of the immigrants at the time were of European origin but with rising labor cost. The desire for cheap unskilled labor increased to fulfill that New Zealand encouraged migrants from the South Pacific. The country had a large demand for unskilled labor in the manufacturing sector as well as the construction sector. As long as the demand continued, migration was allowed from the Pacific. Then in 1987, New Zealand parliament passed the new Immigration Act which abandoned the idea of giving preference to Europeans and gave priority to skill and personal qualities of an individual. And further in 2010 parliament replaced the existing immigration law which resulted in ethnic diversity in the labor market. While in 1950-80s most of the immigrants were European it has since changed and over the last two decades composition of immigrants shifted away from “traditional source” countries towards “neighbor” countries in the Pacific Islands and Asia.
And when it comes to immigration one question pops up in mind “Is immigration good for New Zealand?” New Zealand is widely known for its natural beauty, quality of life and economic freedom. Many popular concerns about immigration are overblown and under-represented. Immigration has far more merits than demerits. Immigrants have helped to shape up modern New Zealand. Immigrants integrate well into the society they are more likely to be employed and their children have better educational outcomes than children of natives. Immigrants also contribute to the economy and job growth by increasing demand and services. They are more likely to be self-employed than a native. Immigration also has a positive effect on earning and employment as they fill the jobs that natives are not willing to do, and in this way, immigrants provide a boost to the sectors in which they work. Despite concerns that immigration is decreasing GDP per capita of a country. Research in New Zealand and other countries shows that immigration improves productivity and GDP per capita growth of a country. Infect almost 50 percent of the new unicorn startups of US are of immigrants and big companies such as Google, SpaceX Yahoo are founded or co-founded by immigrants or son of an immigrant. They contribute more to the economy than natives do. Immigrants contributed a net $2.9 billion to the government in 2013 on per capita level that was equivalent to $2,653 per immigrant. More than the natives who contributed $172 per person and a total of $540 million.
Despite receiving the record number of immigrants firms are still crying out for skilled workers in New Zealand. Most of the natives of New Zealand lack work ethics as said by the Prime country of New Zealand John Key. That’s why New Zealand is forced to rely on overseas workers to fill jobs. Natives come for the work one day and on next day they didn’t show up while immigrants are sincere in their work habits. Another problem of the developed world is decreasing birth rates. As birth rates plummet immigrants are keeping economies afloat. Immigrants account for half increase in the US workforce since 2005, and 70 percent in Europe. And with no immigration population of New Zealand is set to fall by 2050 along with people of working age. To keep the working-age population from falling New Zealand needs immigrants. Looking at the current demographics of New Zealand where the average age of the population is increasing. In near future, the workforce of New Zealand is going to decrease by a large number. Current average age of New Zealand population is 37.3 years. It is further expected to increase to 43.1 years by the year 2050 when people over 65 years will be more than children under 5 years. We can take the example of Japan which has a strict policy on immigration. Japanese economy which was moving forward at high rates after world war entered into prolonged stagnation and deflation due to its aging population decreasing workforce and started to suffer a shortage of workers. While the US which has a large number of immigrants keep going on growing even after decreasing birth rates because more number of immigrants were entering into US workforce. So to avoid the same fate as Japan is facing New Zealand should remain open to immigrants.
Immigrants can benefit New Zealand in many ways. Immigrants contribute significantly to labor-market flexibility. Immigrants contribute more in taxes to the government than they receive less in benefits. They boost the working-age population. They arrive with skills and contribute to human capital and development of the country receiving them. They can also contribute to the technological progress. They take up work which natives are not willing to do. They bring ethnic diversity to the country and even approximately 25 percent of the population of New Zealand constitutes of immigrants. Further, theories suggest the free movement of labor allows an individual to work in a sector where his skills are most in demand. Specifically, immigration can be beneficial to the economy of New Zealand by increasing global connectedness and their contribution to human & physical capital formation and innovation are essential to long-run sustained economic growth as said by the NAS report.
From the above discussion, it can be concluded that economies benefits from immigration of people and New Zealand needs immigrants to keep continue growing. Immigrants give more to New Zealand than they take from it. Further, immigration will prevent New Zealand economy from entering into stagnation due to its aging population and decreasing workforce. And will bring diverse ethnicity to the country and creating a bigger market for domestic products. Real facts related to immigration have been used in this essay to strengthen the idea of passage why New Zealand needs immigration to build the country. Hence, the thesis statement can now be restated “Immigration is good for the country as a whole and it will keep helping in building a country”.
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