New American Poetry: Whitman & Dickinson Notes

Emily Dickinson was born when?
1830

Like many authors, Dickinson was not known until when?
after her death

When did Emily Dickinson die?
1886

Emily D. was reclusive and quiet? True/False
True

During her lifetime, how many poems of Emily Dickinson were published?
7

Emily wad educated where?
Amherst Academy

Dickinson: Was Amherst Academy an all girls school?
No

Emily Dickinson entered _____ Holyoke Female Seminary
Mount

Dickinson: The founder, __________ ranked student on the basis of who would receive ______ grace, this who had some hope, and those who had no hope at all. She placed Emily in the ______ category.
Mary Lyon
God’s
last

Dickinson: Not having “conventional” religious views may have also contributed to Emily’s ____________.
isolation

Dickinson: She refused to sign an oath to dedicate her _______ to Jesus Christ.
life

Dickinson: Did Emily drop out of school? True/False
True

Dickinson: She cleared had a believe in _____ and ________, but it was different than the views held by her peers.
God and heaven

Dickinson: Emily probably wanted to have her poems published, but on her own terms, and it seems that publishers were unwilling to take a ______ with them – they were very __________ at the time.
risk
unconventional

Dickinson: It seems that Emily invented her own ______ for her poems.
style

Dickinson: They have sing-song quality and are similar, in many ways, to the old _______ of church (called hymnbook meter)
hymns

Dickinson: She uses strategic placement of the ____ to emphasize points.
dash

Dickinson: Ballad Stanza: ABCB _____ Scheme
Rhyme

Dickinson: Uses meaningful and ________ capitalization
uncommon

Dickinson: Makes use ______ rhyme-these rhymes aren’t quite….rhymes. They come close, but alas, no cigar. The words “dear” and “door” form a slant rhyme. The words are similar, but they aren’t close to make a full rhyme.
slant

Dickinson: Also uses precise dictation – careful _____ choice, accurately states her pints in as few words as possible but does employ figurative language as well.
word

Dickinson: Style is both ___ and controlled.
unique

Dickinson: Uses a first person _________
narrator

Dickinson: With a publisher, Emily kept on writing her _________ privately.
poetry

Dickinson: Common themes: death _________, success, faith, grief
truth

Dickinson: When Emily died, her sister, Lavinia, was in charge of Emily’s _________
estate

Dickinson: A first, Lavinia went through boxes and dressers and found about _________ poems.
900

Dickinson: Eventually, the total poems found after Emily’s death swelled over _________poems.
1800

Dickinson: Not all of them were published until _________, nearly 70 years after her death.
1955

Dickinson: Emily Dickinson is now considered on of the greatest ________ _________.
American poets

Dickinson: Moreover, she is America’s first major female poet and one of the first major ___ writers of all of Western literature.
female

Walt Whitman – almost single handedly invented free _____, the ______ of no rhythm and rhyme that had dominated the last century.
verse
poetry

Walt W. was born in _________.
1819

Walt W. was born halfway between the American Revolution and the _________ _________.
American Civil War

By_________, when Whitman published his first edition of poetry, American had changed dramatically.
1855

Whitman is the first poet that seemed to speak for all of the new United _________.
States

Whitman believed individuals were _________ celebrating.
worth

What fascinated Whitman?
America’s diversity

Whitman saw America as the greatest _________, that ever was, and it was great because it was a “_________” of skilled, hard-working people from everywhere in the world.
nation
melting pot

Before becoming a poet, Whitman held a variety of _________ and lived a kind of vagabond life.
jobs

Whitman was _________ _________ as a child and started having odd jobs as a teen and young man.
very poor

Whitman’s poetry was _________
different, very different

Whitman saw poetry as organic-growing naturally like _________ and other plants grow.
flowers

Whitman invited what is now called _______ _________ poetry. that has no regular _________ or _________.
Free Verse
rhythm
rhyme

Whitman: Most people who saw his poetry found it too _________, and many would not even consider it poetry.
weird

Whitman’s first book of poems was entitled “_________ of Grass” (1855)
Leaves

Whitman paid for it entirely by himself because, like Dickinson’s poems, _________ thought they were too do to take a costly chance on.
publishers

Whitman published it himself and sent a copy to _________ _________ _________.
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Whitman: Emerson was entranced by the poems and _________ with a five page reply.
responded

Whitman: It became the most famous piece of _________ sponsorship in American history.
literary

Emerson’s _________ then caused others to rethink and revisit Whitman’s poems.
support

Free verse is Whitman’s expression of the democratic concepts of a vast _________ America.
diverse

Whitman: “What we call poems.” he wrote, “are merely _________.”
pictures

Whitman:The “real poems,” he insisted, “are the men and women in all the _________ of human experience.”
variety

Whitman: Modern man is full of _________ that need to be explored.
contradictions

How many times did Whitman republish Leaves of Grass?
9

In many ways, as Whitman puts it, “The US themselves are essentially the greatest _________.”
poem

Whitman: The volumes are a tribute to the country and to its people, especially the common working _________.
people

Whitman was a great admirer of _________.
Lincoln

Whitman: Lincoln’s death evoked a strong response in Whitman who wrote several poems about __________ _________.
Lincoln’s death

Whitman: “O Captain, My Captain” is perhaps the best _______
known

Whitman: “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d,” is also a well-known Lincoln________.
memorial

Common Whitman Themes: Brotherhood of ____, Reconciliation of divided forces (North/South), _______ and its effects on humankind, Unifying power of _____.
man
war
nature