Next, one of the domain of interpersonal social skills is emotional intelligence (EI). Emotional intelligence (EI) was defined as the ability to receive, understand and control emotions toward adaptive behaviour (Paek, 2006). EI had been hailed as being more persuasive than conventional IQ in determining success in life correlates with psycho-social behaviour such as compassion, emotional openness, interpersonal satisfaction, life satisfaction, goal-orientation, and positive social interactions (Lopes et al., 2003).
Besides, Bar-On (2006) explained the term Socio-Emotional Intelligence (SEI), as social and emotional interrelated capabilities, skills and facilitators that determines how we understand and adequately express ourselves, understand others and relate with them, and adapt with daily demands (Herrera et al., 2015). EI was also significant for the development, well-being of individuals (Zeidner et al., 2012) and academic success (Saklofske., 2012). Furthermore, some study suggested that moods and emotions play a central role in the leadership process.
Particularly, it was suggested that emotional intelligence or capacity to comprehend and controlled emotions and feelings in the self as well as other people, aids to dedicated leadership in associations. There were four important parts of emotional intelligence which involved the expression of feeling, the utilization of feeling to upgrade cognitive processes and basic leadership, knowledge about feelings, and management of feelings, are portrayed. In other words, emotional intelligence takes advantage of the degree to which individuals’ psychological capabilities were educated by feelings and the degree to which feelings were cognitively managed (George, 2000).Emotional intelligence does not only concentrate on being aware of one’s own emotions, but also utilize these emotions in functional ways (George et al.
, 2000). In the first place, emotions can be valuable as far as directing attention to pressing concerns and signalling on the focus of attention. Next, feelings or emotions can be utilized in deciding the options and making decisions. Emotions can be used to encourage certain cognitive processes. People tend to be more optimistic and perceive that positive events are more likely and negative events are less likely when they were in positive moods.
However, when people are in negative moods, they prone to be hopeless and fragile (George et al., 2000).Daniel Goleman (2006) isolated EI into ‘Personal’ and ‘Social’ competences, which extensively split amongst personal and interpersonal skills. Each of these areas were a scope of skills which were the components of EI.