North Sea and its importance for the development of Renewable Energy for European Countries North Sea is located above the northern European countries, surrounded by the countries like Belgium, Denmark, Germany, and Netherlands with UK in the west and Norway on the east.
Since the whole European Union has been very ambitious and progressive towards the development of the renewable energy, these countries have effectively utilized the North Sea as the centre for wind energy production. According to the WindEurope, Wind Power contributes to 10.4% of the whole European Union’s energy demand. Hence, the importance of the Wind power and North Sea is very high. How Wind Farms in the North Sea affect the Fisheries Industry in the North SeaThe off-shore wind mills for any country are great strategic location for the generating wind energy but post construction fishing and trawling are prohibited around the mill which shrinks the area more with the increasing number of wind mills. Since, the area around the mill acts as new habitats for the fish which helps to reduce the pressure on the fish reserve. Plus, the area around the wind mile also serves a favorable environment for the complex organisms on which fish can feed and breed, leading to increase in the number of the fishes. But the fishery industry has to say something else in this context “Fishing is like hunting, you need as much space as possible” stated by Emiel Brouckaert from the Belgian Fishing industry.
Although some research claims that there is no direct relation of the fish and wind farms since marine animals tend to avoid the area where wind parks that are under construction and already operational because of the Noise pollution. Some scientists also claim that the loud noises can not only damage but can also kill the fishes. But still, there is some research left to be done in this field to find the direct relation between the fishes and the wind parks. Fishers vs. Wind Energy DevelopersEuropean has tried it’s best to maintain peace and harmony between the fishers and wind mill developers but in actual the disagreement depends from country to country. In the English Channel, since the developments in 2002 fishers and fishing is prohibited only during the construction of the wind farm or some maintenance work. In Denmark, the construction of the wind farm is strategically done in those areas where the possibility of the fishing is less or not possible.
The unhappiest fishers are from Belgium since the fishers are prohibited in 500 meters in the surrounding area of the wind farms. The Netherlands is trying to develop a plan to balance the sustainable fishing as well as the wind energy. Conclusively, it can be said that to maintain the stability for the industries to exist a maritime spatial plan is needed just like the Baltic Sea Plan from 2009.