Official Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland);

Official name: Canada Flag: Demographics: Population: 35,623,680 (since July 2017), Comprising: Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.

5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9% (note: Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin) Official Languages: English and French Religions: Catholic 39%, Protestant 20.3%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Christians 6.3%, Muslim 3.

2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.

6%, none 23.9% Government: Type: Federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II (monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland); represented by Governor General Julie Payette Head of government: Prime Minister Justin Pierre James Trudeau (Liberal Party) Cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among members of his/her own party sitting in Parliament Economics: GDP: $1.683 trillion, Growth: 1.5% (2016) GDP per Capita: 19.

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6% of GDP Industry and Exports: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum, natural gas Significant export partners: US 76.4%, China 4.1% Imports: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods Import partners: US 52.2%, China 12.

1%, Mexico 6.2% CAD:USD ratio: 1.3256 (2016) Natural Resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower Infrastructure: Electricity: 100% access, 643.

2 billion kWh produced   Access to internet: 31,770,034 (89.8%), considered Modern and excellent despite having room for improvement.   Television: 2 public TV broadcasting networks, 1 in English and 1 in French, each with a large number of network affiliates; several private-commercial networks also with multiple network affiliates Transportation: 1,467 airports, 1,042,300 km in roadways, Multiple ports all over the country, 77,932 km in railways   Sanitation: 99.8% access to facilities and drinking water   Culture: Unique Traits: Great Diversity of Languages and religions, highly liberal Unique Foods: Poutine, Maple Syrup, Smoked Salmon, Butter tarts Sports: Ice Hockey and Lacrosse Immigration: Takes in Syrian Refugees, has a migrant rate of 5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population Canadian Stereotypes: Extremely polite and often apologizes, Population is made mainly of lumberjacks, love Maple Syrup and Hockey Geography: Location: North America Territorial size: 9,984,670 sq km (9,093,507 sq km of land, 891,163 sq km of water) Important Neighbours: United States of America (only bordering country) Climate: varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north Elevation: 487 m average Unique Geography: Canada is the largest country is the world bordering only one country, United States of America, including Alaska.

3rd-largest country in the world Relevant Points for Topic 1: 1)    In 2005, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) estimates that 600-800 people are trafficked into Canada annually and that additional 1,500-2,200 are trafficked through Canada into the United States 2)    Aboriginal girls and women are often the victims of trafficking in Canada, cited as due to the impact of colonialism on Aboriginal societies 3)    The U.S. State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed Canada in “Tier 1”, the highest tier, in 2017. Relevant Points for Topic 2: 1)    71.

4% voted for blocs mentioning Humanitarian aid consisting of 83% of seats (Which signifies popular support) 2)    Canadians statistically have been cited to donate out of goodwill, totalling $10.6 billion, about the same amount as in 2007, $400 per person. 1 3)    The strategy of the Canadian government’s foreign aid policy reflects an emphasis to meet the Millennium Development Goals, while also providing assistance in response to foreign humanitarian crises.     1.     Saskatchewan donors more likely to planto claim a tax credit In 2010, the fact that governments give a tax credit wasan important motivation to donate for 23% of donors. Nevertheless, 46% ofdonors intended to claim a tax credit for a donation made in the previous 12months. The likelihood that donors intended to claim a tax credit varied fromone province to another.

Donors in Nunavut (22%), Quebec (35%) and theNorthwest Territories (37%) were the least likely to say that someone in theirhousehold would claim a tax credit. In comparison, the proportions were 56% fordonors in Saskatchewan and 53% for those in Manitoba and Prince EdwardIsland.” The total amount of financial donations that individuals made tocharitable or non-profit organizations stood at $10.6 billion, about the sameamount as in 2007, $400 per person