Oil palm (Elaies guineensis) was an
aboriginal crop from West Africa and growing as a wild plant. However, in early
1879, it was introduced by the British to Malaysia as an ornamental plant and
later was developed into agricultural crop for producing vegetable oil.
Nowadays, palm oil has become the most widely produced and leading vegetable
As studied by Ferdous
and Halima (2015), previous research indicated that oil palm production help to
enhance the socio-economic development of a nation. Not astoundingly, oil palm
has become the major driving forces of Malaysia’s agro-industry and turn out to
be the fourth largest contributor to the national economy. Considering the
importance of this golden crop toward the development of our country, oil palm
in our nation is regulated by Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). This body is
responsible to develop policies, guidelines and practices for stakeholders.
As of 2016, Malaysia
has cultivated up to 5.74 million hectares of land purposely for oil palm
plantation and generated approximately RM64.6 billion revenues from the export
of oil palm products (MPOB, 2017). Additionally, Malaysian Palm Oil Council
(MPOC) stated that Malaysia holds an account of 39% and 44% for both world palm
oil production and world exports record perpendicularly. Thus, being among the
top exporters and producers of oil palm and its products, Malaysia plays an
important role in order to fulfil the growing supply and demand need of oils
and fats globally (MPOC, 2017).
However, regardless of the vast potential of palm oil industry
in Malaysia, numerous issues are raising and considered giving a noteworthy
impact on the bid to its glory. Among the issues are labour shortage, high
competition from nearby countries, ageing trees, biodiversity, environmental
issues such as hazard and deforestation, local community problem demand
adequate attention in order to pave the way for the sustainable development of
palm oil industry in Malaysia, and plant infections.