On her. The American Medical Association (AMA) has

On
what basis do patients really choose their doctors is still debatable, the fact
that it could be based on the origin, the race or ethnicity cannot be ruled
out. Cultural competence of a doctor can also be the reason why a patient wants
to be consulted by him or her. The American Medical Association (AMA) has its
own Cultural Competence Compendium, in which it defines culture as ‘any group
of people who share experience, languages and values that permit them to
communicate knowledge not shared by those outside the culture.’ The AMA also
states that ‘Culturally competent physicians are able to provide patient
centred care by adjusting their attitudes and behaviours to account for the
impact of emotional, cultural, social, and psychological issues on the ailment’
(American Medical Association) Hence, it is notable that given a doctor’s
background or history the patient might make a better rapport with him and the
doctor may also be more supportive in making the patient feel more comfortable.

In
America racial discrimination has a history. Efforts to increase the different
ethnicity of doctors have been a focus, whether it is the African American
doctors or the Hispanic doctors (Thomas and Amani 2002) The underlying fact
being the minority will be represented by them or through them. With the
constant efforts, Medical schools have responded to the proposition by
increasing the production of minority doctors pass outs. (Carlisle et al. 1998;
Libby et al. 1997). (Cooper- Patrick et al. 1999) in their research study
conducted a telephonic survey, of 1816 African Americans and white adults, the
patients selected were those which recently took part in the care practice and
they were taken to analyse and assess the doctor patient decision making
participatory style. The results showed patients who are give more importance
to race have rated their physicians more participatory than compared to
patients who are not such big believers of race

A
similar area of inquiry where, patients believe that race play an important role
can be seen in the experiment conducted were patients choose their healthcare
providers according to race.  National
Medical Expenditure Survey conducted by (Gray and Stoddard 1997) concluded the
fact that patients from minority community choose doctors belonging to that
minority community.(Saha et al. 2000) further demonstrated that Black, White
and Hispanic choose doctors of their own race because of their own personal
preference and comfort and not just because they were limited doctors in that
field. The theory that minority of doctors will practice in their own minority
communities has also been well documented (Moy and Bartman 1995)

(Saha
et al. 1999) also found that African American race concordant people are more
like to rate their physicians as the best or excellent rated. While there are
some researchers like (Chen et al. 2001) who were not able to find any race or
cultural differentiation in the field cardiac catheterization. (Litt and Cuskey
1998) focused on the satisfaction aspect of meeting a doctor. Their studies
showed adolescents who reported higher satisfaction after an                                                                                                                           
 initial visit with the doctor are
more likely to go back to the doctor for a follow up appointment as compared to
an unsatisfied patient in the first visit. Subsequent studies have also showed
that patient satisfaction and appointment keeping have showed the same results
confirming this theory and relationship (Fred et al. 1998, Carlson and Gabriel
2001, Ivanov and  Flynn 1999) While
patients may choose physicians from their own race the outcome of the service
provided and how successful is it, is still something which needs more
research.