On Kut-al-Amara, the city on the Tigris River

On March 10, 1917, the British defeated the force with an abrupt attack.  As of two days ago, March 11, 1917 they have evacuated the Turks and have taken over Baghdad. Less than two weeks after Kut-al-Amara, the city on the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, was captured, British regional commander, Sir Frederick Stanley Maude, directed his troops to converge on Baghdad.  This lead their adversaries, the Turks, to desert the state, on the evening of March 10, 1917. In January 1917 the 150,000 men under Maude’s command embarked, commencing the offense that would climax the recapturing of Kut on February 24. After their triumph in Kut, Maude and his troops waited in the London headquarters to get corroboration to continue their attack.  According to Thomas Smith, “This halt gave Khalil Pasha, time to decide what he was to do about setting up a defense.

”  Pasha, the turkish commander in chief, first had began to make preparations for an offensive attack on the Allied forces.  Instead, he ended up deciding to stay behind and focus his troops in Baghdad.  He positioned the Turkish Sixth Army near the intersection of Tigris with the Diyala River, about thirty-five miles away from the city.

 The 9,500 Turks were substantially outnumbered, by the 45,000 British and Indian troops they were facing.  On March 8, Maude’s troop arrived at the Diyala.  They set up their first attack on the Turks the next morning.  Pasha and his men victoriously pushed back.  Maude struggled to cross the rapid waters of the Diyala.  Consequently he decided to cross at a higher, more northern location.

 Notified by the enemy movements by the German exploration aircraft, Pasha imitated his movements.  Just like maude, he sent a large part of his troops to meet the allied soldiers.  He left merely a single division to keep the original defensive location at the Diyala. However, on March 10, it was hastily and unquestionably defeated by the British and Indian forces with a sudden assault. Pasha, being stupefied, demanded his troops to retreat.  By that night, at the end of the day,  the evacuation of Baghdad was on its way to completion.

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 In fifteen days the men marched over 100 miles.  On March 11, without an effort, Maude’s men came into Baghdad.  From the 140,000 inhabitants of Baghdad, they took 9,000 of the evacuating Turkish army as prisoners.  The triumph in Baghdad, of the Allied forces, merely indicated the comencement of the tussle for control of the fertile lands of Mesopotamia–the area located in between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.  Earlier on, the British government had pledged that if a group of the Arab leaders challenged the Turkish order, their people would be given back to them, and would regain their independence.  “Our armies do not come into your cities and lands as conquerers or enemies, but as liberators,” states General Maude in the Proclamation of Baghdad.

In June of 1916, a future mutiny was somewhat orchestrated by the British–among which was Colonel T.E. Lawrence–and was run and controlled by Fasial Hussein The arabs had commenced a mutiny versus the british forces in possesion of Baghdad as well as other regions, in 1920.