OT poetry Hebrew Poetry terms and Parallelism

Strophe (or stanza)
A series of cola with a particular beginning and a particular close, possessing a unity of thought, structure, and style

A line of poetry.

Sometimes referred to as a colon. Usually correspond to a single verse in the Scriptures

Hemistich (unit or member)
Part of a line of poetry. Some authors refer to this as a “colon”

a stich consisting of two and three members respectively

the stressed units in a line of poetry, based on accents, not number of syllables.

the number and arrangements of stresses in a line of poetry.

a meter having a 3:2 pattern; the first hemistich has 3 accents and the second has 2 accents.

an alphabetic poem in which each stich or strophe begins with a successive letter of the alphabet; communicates completeness and order

the units or stichs in question are saying the same thing or similar things

the units in question are saying essentially opposite or contrasting things

the units in question make a comparison (often using the word as)

stair-like parallelism; each succeeding unit or stich begins in the same way but advances the thought

catch all category. the second line continues the thought of the first in some way that is not one of the classes above

chiasm (Chiasmus)
an inverted parallelism in which the members, stichs or bi/tri-cola form a cross.

The emphasis in a chiasm is on the middle unit or pair of units.