Parallelism in Hebrew Poetry

repetition of thought is the main element – “and”

Synonymous Example
“Does God pervert justice? Does the Almighty pervert what is right?” Job 8:3

Contrariety (opposite thought) is the main element – “but”

Antithetic Example
“A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son grief to his mother.” Pr 10:1

second line builds upon the first – progression

Synthetic Example
“Do not answer a fool according to his folly, or you will be like him yourself.” Pr 26:4

the order of the terms is reversed in the lines

Chiasm Example
“A man finds joy in giving an apt reply – and how good is a timely word!” Pr 15:23