Poetic Terms to Know

Definition: A type of poem that is meant to be sung and tells a storyExample: “Jack and Jill” by Mother Goose

Definition: A sad or unhappy poem about the death or loss of an important person Example: “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” by Thomas Grat

Definition: A long poem about heroic events Example: “The Odyssey” by Homer

Definition: A poem that has three lines, 5 syllables-7 syllables-5 syllables, with a total of 17 syllables Example: “First autumn morningthe mirror I stare intoshows my father’s face” by Murakami Kijo

Lyric Poem
Definition: A personal and emotional poemExample: “Broken” by SKAT A

Narrative Poem
Definition: A poem that tells a story Example: “The Highwayman” by Alfred Noyes

Definition: A lyric poem that addresses a particular subjectExample: “Ode To A Nightingale” by John Keats

Definition: A poem dealing with the life of shepherdsExample: “Michael” by William Wordsworth

Definition: A poem with 14 lines containing personal feeling Example: “Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer’s Day” by William Shakespeare

Definition: Two lines of a verse that having rhyming similarity Example: “Couplet Poems” by Rudyard Kipling

Definition: Four lines; rhymesExample: “How Poetry Began” by Andrea Dietrich

Definition: A set amount of lines often with rhyming patterns or form Example: Any poem with sets of lines

Definition: The repetition of consonants at the beginning of words Example: “Sweet Sugar Cookies and Peanut Butter Bars” by PD

Definition: The repetition of similar vowel sounds Example: “A Well-Known Stranger” by unknown

Definition: Repeating pattern in consonants marked by intervening vowels Example: Raider reader ruder

Blank Verse
Definition: A verse without rhyme Example: “View it from a far” by unknown

Free Verse
Definition: Not in a specific form with specific rulesExample: “The Sowing” by unknown

Definition: An unpleasant mixture of sounds Example: When a poet creates lines or verses that have a bunch of mixed up words and/or info creating an unpleasant sound when read

Definition: Pleasing (sounds) to the ear Example: A poem containing rhyme and words that are read smoothly causing a please sound when read aloud

Figurative Language
Definition: Language that can communicate beyond the word’s literal meaningExample: When the author incorporates, in a sense, symbols that represent something other than the meaning of the word to the eye

Definition: In order to make a point, using extreme exaggeration Example: Describing as the most beautiful thing in the world that is perfect and has not faults and couldn’t be any better or improved

Definition: Details that form a mental image Example: When the author describes something causing the reader to form a mental image of the situation or other

Definition: To represent a similarity with an expression that is not meant literally Example: “Life is a roller coaster” Not literally meant as a roller coaster

Definition: The emotion overallExample: When the author uses detail and tone to create a mood such sad or happy or etc.

Definition: Words that imitate their actual soundExample: Bang! Boom! Crash!

Definition: When animals or nonhuman forms have the emotions or qualities of humansExample: When an author creates a non-human to do actions that are usually done by humans to represent different things

Definition: The same sound between words with their syllables Example: When the author uses words that sound similar such as the feather blew in the weather when I wore my sweater

Definition: The pattern in stressed and unstressed syllables in a line Example:

Definition: The unit for rhythmExample: The amount of beats / syllables

Definition: Marking the different stresses Example: Using symbols to mark the stresses and non stresses such as marking the beginning of a word and the ending

Definition: A figure of speech expressing the resemblance between differences usually using “as/like”Example: “Flint” Christine Rossetti

Definition: The voice behind the poem not always the author Example: Either the author’s voice or other

Definition: The attitude toward the audience by the author Example: A poem where the author clearly states anger, excitement, humor, etc.