Poetry 2015- Sam Hunt

Figurative Language
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. For writers (especially poets), these things (called stylistic elements) are some of the tools used to help paint pictures and evoke emotions with words.

Speaker
The speaking voice in the poem. Like the narrator in a novel or a short story, this voice is different than that of the poet or author.

Simile
A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike.

Metaphor
The metaphor states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A simile would say you are like something; a metaphor is more positive – it says you are something.

Personification
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to an animal or an object.

Hyperbole
An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true. Tall tales are hyperboles.

Alliteration
The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words. Alliteration includes tongue twisters.

Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds

Consanance
The repetition of final consonant sounds.

Cacophony
A combination of sounds that are harsh and grating in effect. Cacophony is often used to support an unpleasant mood, theme, idea, or image. (Hear how harsh the bolded parts of the words sound when read aloud.)

Euphony
A combination of sounds that are pleasant and smooth in effect. Euphonious sounds are often used to support a pleasant or sensual mood, idea, or image. (Hear how smooth the bolded parts of the words sound when read aloud.)

Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate the sound they name in their own name.

Repetition
The use of a sound, word, or phrase again and again.

Rhyme
The repetition of the sounds of the final accented syllables of two or more words. There are many types of rhyme.

End Rhyme
The final words of the lines of poems rhyme

Internal Rhyme
Rhyming of two words within the same line of poetry

Slant Rhyme
Sometimes called impartial, imperfect, or near rhyme, words will share a consonant or vowel sound (like consonance and assonance).

Rich Rhyme
Rhyme using homonyms (words that sound the same but are spelled differently)

Eye Rhyme
Words that look the same but are pronounced differently

Rhythm
Movement or procedure with uniform or patterned recurrence of a beat or accent.