Poetry | Active/Passive | Misplaced/Dangling | Ellipsis

poetry
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination

voice
the form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action

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active, passive
There are two types of voice:
_________________ voice and _________________ voice.
INCLUDE COMMA

active voice
a voice that indicates that the subject of the verb is acting. The subject “acts upon” the verb

passive voice
a voice in a sentence where the subject and object flip-flop. The subject is being “acted upon.”

active
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Devan feeds his dog.

active
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
When Adrienne woke up, she brushed her teeth.

active
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Darren understood the complex math problem.

active
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Charlotte listened to booming music at a rock concert.

active
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Jeffrey broke the fragile cup as he walked out of the expensive store.

passive
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
The pen was broken by Kristen.

passive
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Their car had been struck by lightning.

active
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Their car nearly escaped being struck by lightning.

passive
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
The eggs and milk are then added to the mixture.

passive
ACTIVE or PASSIVE
France was visited by 84.7 million foreign tourists in 2013, making it the most popular tourist destination in the world.

modifier
a word, phrase, or clause that describes or changes the meaning of another word, phrase, or clause in some way

misplaced modifier
A(n) _________________ _________________ means that there is a separation of space between the word, phrase, or clause and the modifier

dangling modifier
Whenever you have a(n) _________________ _________________, you must add words to the sentence. Simply rearranging the sentence will *not* fix this problem.

misplaced modifier
MISPLACED MODIFIER or DANGLING MODIFIER
Abby found a huge log taking a short cut through the forest.

misplaced modifier
MISPLACED MODIFIER or DANGLING MODIFIER
Nishaan found his missing baseball glove organizing his room.

misplaced modifier
MISPLACED MODIFIER or DANGLING MODIFIER
Lia and Nina talked about dancing in the kitchen making soup.

dangling modifier (correction: the pen is filled with ink)
MISPLACED MODIFIER or DANGLING MODIFIER
Once filled with ink, Ashlyn can write for hours before the pen runs dry.

dangling modifier (correction: Anush determined the cost)
MISPLACED MODIFIER or DANGLING MODIFIER
In selecting his next car, cost was determined by Anush’s paycheck.

dangling modifier (correction: Christina explained)
MISPLACED MODIFIER or DANGLING MODIFIER
After explaining that she had lost her wallet, the waiter allowed Christina to pay be check.

ellipsis
a literary device that is used in narratives to omit some parts of a sentence or event, which gives the reader a chance to fill the gaps while acting or reading it out

yes
Is the ellipsis used correctly?
YES or NO

The detective, Maddie, mused, “This new evidence gets me thinking….”

yes (this has a question mark therefore there only needs to be three dots at the end)
Is the ellipsis used correctly?
YES or NO

Pride is one thing, but what happens if he…?

no (can’t be used in beginning of quote)
Is the ellipsis used correctly?
YES or NO

Elias kindly recited, “…aspire to inspire before we expire….”

yes
Is the ellipsis used correctly?
YES or NO

Grace opened the book,… and began to read.

no (must be another period at end of sentence)
Is the ellipsis used correctly?
YES or NO

He said, “I really don’t… understand…”