Poetry Authors, Vocabulary, and Literary Terms used in the poems

“I Wondered Lonely as a Cloud”
-William Wordsworth
-used his sister’s(Dorothy) journal writings about daffodils for the poem
-Rhyme Scheme- regular pattern of rhyming words at the ends of lines in a poem
-Simile- comparison of ideas using like or as

Host
great number

Glee
joy

Pensive
thinking deeply

Bliss
great joy or happiness

O’er vales
over valleys

Jocund
cheerful

William Wordsworth
-1770-1850
-Born in England’s rural Lake District
-supporter of French Revolution’s idea of freedom, equality, and brotherhood
-1798: published Lyrical Ballads(simple, modern poetry) with Samuel Coleridge

“Dreams Deferred”
-Langston Hughes
-Harlem: center for NYC’s black population
-Harlem Renaissance: writers and authors literary and cultural movement
-wrote poem in 1951 when Harlem was in extreme poverty

Deferred
put off until a future time

Fester
form pus

“Dreams”
-Langston Hughes
-Figurative Language
-Metaphors
-Personification
-Connotation

Barren
empty

Langston Hughes
-1902-1967
-Born in Joplin, Missouri
-first African American to have a literary career

“The Eagle”
-Alfred,Lord Tennyson
-Personification

azure
blue

crag
steep, rugged rock that juts out from rock mass

Alfred, Lord Tennyson
-1809-1892
-one of most popular British poets during his time

“Hope is the Thing with Feathers”
-Emily Dickinson
-Metaphors

sore
fierce, cruel

abash
embarass

gale
strong wind

Emily Dickinson
-1830-1886
-Lived in Amherst, Massachusetts
-wrote at least 1,775 poems
-wrote about nature, love, death, and religion

“Blackberry Eating”
-Galway Kinnell

unbidden
without being asked; uninvited

Galway Kinnell
-born 1927
-wrote about death, selfhood, and nature
-active in Civil Rights movement

“Memory”
-Margaret Walker
-Imagery

sinister
threatening harm; ominous

felts
felt hats

Margaret Walker
-1915-1998
-one of legends of African American literature
-best known for Jubilee

“Eulogy for a Hermit Crab”
-Pattiann Rogers

Meticulously
very carefully;scrupulously

Pattiann Rogers
-born 1940

“Rocking”
-Gabriela Mistral

divine
holy; sacred

Gabriela Mistral
-1889-1957
-born in Chile
-1945 recipient of Nobel Prize for literature

“Woman’s Work”
-Julia Alvarez

Primed
prepared

lattices
narrow strips of pastry

Julia Alvarez
-born 1950

“The Raven”
-Edgar Allen Poe
-narrative poem-tells a story

quaint
strange; unusual

surcease
end

token
sign

lattice
framework of wood or metal

flirt
quick, uneven movement

obeisance
bow or other sign of respect

mien
manner

fancy
imagination

countenance
facial appearance

craven
coward

plutonian
underworld

quoth
said

sublunary
earthly

beguiling
trickling; charming

respite
rest; relief

desolate
deserted

adjure
appeal to

divining
guessing

censer
container for burning incense

quaff
drink

tempter
devil

pallid
pale

Edgar Allen Poe
-1809-1849
-married Virginia Clemm in 1835

“The Seven Ages of Men”
-William Shakespeare
-dramatic poem
-from William Shakespeare’s play-As You Like It

woeful
full of sorrow

players
actors

ages
periods of life

mewling
whimpering; crying weakly

pard
leopard or panther

justice
judge

treble
high-pitched voice

pantaloon
foolish old man

William Shakespeare
-1564-1616
-37 plays
-154 sonnets

“Three Haiku”
-Basho and Chiyojo
-Haiku-three lines, syllables of each line are 5/7/5

“Hokku Poems”
Richard Wright

“Grasshopper and the Cricket”
-John Keats
-Sonnet
-iambic pentameter

ceasing
stopping

wrought
formed

drowsiness
sleepiness

mead
meadow

John Keats
-1795-1821

“Sonnet 30”
William Shakespeare

woes
sorrows

dateless
endless

expense
loss

foregone
past and done with