Poetry Collections 3, 4, 5, and 6

threshold
the bottom of a doorway; entrance or a point of beginning.

keenest
sharpest; most cutting.

clustering
gathering; forming in a group.

lunar
of the moon.

fate
destiny; what happens to a person or thing; final outcome.

lowly
humble; of low rank.

temperate
mild; kept within limits.

eternal
without beginning or end; everlasting.

countenance
a person’s face or expression.

tremulous
trembling; quivering.

stance
the way one stands, especially the placement of the feet.

conjured
performed tricks in which things seemed to appear, disappear, or change as if by magic.

overcome
to master or prevail over.

flourishes
grows vigorously; thrives.

circuit
act of going around something.

infirm
weak; feeble.

The speaker contrasts the senses of the “country side” with the sounds of Manhattan.
Contrast the landscape the speaker prefers in “My City” with the one he first describes.

The speaker believes that people should fight to live.
In “Do Not Go Gentle…,” what does the speaker mean when he says, “Old age should burn and rave at close of day”?

The clouds obscure the moonlight, while the speaker diffuses the meaning. (the emotional attitude of the speaker is connected to the image form nature)
Contrast the events actually taking place in “The Clustering Clouds” with the speaker’s interpretation of those events.

Contrasts help us to perceive similarities and differences more clearly.
What does the poem suggest about the effect of contrasts on our perceptions? (the clustering clouds)

The weather was bitterly cold.
What is the weather like when the speaker goes visiting in “When I went to visit…”?

His willingness to endure the bitter cold suggests great love.
What does his reaction to such weather indicate about his love? Explain. (when i went to visit…)

The speaker advises us to appreciate life and nature during the daily course of events
What advice is implied in line 19 of “The Waking”?

As summer day may be marred by rough winds, hot sun, or overcast skies.
Identify three ways in which, according to the speaker in Sonnet 18, a summer day may become less than perfect.

The beloved’s beauty does not fade as the season does.
What is the speaker’s main reason for saying the woman is superior to a summer’s day?

One cannot ask loneliness how or where it starts.
What question cannot be asked in “One cannot ask loneliness…”?

Loneliness can feel constant and enduring, much like the cypress trees on the mountain that do not change.
How does the image of the mountain relate to the speaker’s thoughts about loneliness?

She thinks that she may have gone to sleep thinking of the man.
What reason does the speaker in “Was it that I went to sleep…” give for dreaming about the man?

She cares deeply for him.
What do the speaker’s comments reveal about her feelings for the man?

The poet, though thinking and writing in isolation, communicates to the reader through the poem.
“Isolation” and “communication” seem to be opposite ideas. How are these ideas connected in each poem of poetry collection 4?

Waking up to life is a gradual unplanned process.
What feeling does the repetition in the repeated lines in “the Waking” help create?

Disappointed
How does the speaker in “was it that I went to sleep…” feel after waking up?

That we learn the most from pondering our experiences.
What is the message conveyed about learning in”The waking”?

Young and beautiful forever.
According to the speaker of “Sonnet 18” how will his beloved remain in his poem about her?

The wind.
Who is the guest in “the Wind–tapped like a tired man”?

Daybreak to sunset, six days a week.
What hours do the men in “Glory” work?

They are worn down by long hours.
What does the phrase “already old men” suggest about the effect of this work schedule? (glory)

The sense of satisfaction will help the men survive their humdrum/dull lives.
In what way might a “stolen base” or home run” help a man “survive the new week”? (glory)

A new sheet of paper for you to write on. Dark or bright words put on the paper.
In “Metaphor,” to what does the speaker compare the morning? To what does she compare a person’s actions during the day?

It’s never too late to start over.
What attitude toward a new day might this poem inspire in readers? (metaphor)

Quick
What is the best way to describe the movement of the wind?

The speaker will not help death locate or conquer its victims.
What are two things in “Conscientious Objector” will not do?

Cracks. They may be embarrassed or ashamed of the cracks.
According to the speaker in “Pride,” what may rocks hide form view? Why might “a kind of pride” lead them to hide this thing?

People should allow themselves to ecperience stress or grief and work through these complex emotions.
What advice would the speaker in “Pride” give to someone dealing with stress or grief?

The speaker says to tell al the truth but not directly. The truth should be told indirectly.
According tot he speaker in “tell all the Truth but tell it slant—,” how much of the truth should be told? What does the speaker mean by the expression “tell it slant”?

All humankind.
Who is the “brother” whom the speaker refers to in “Conscientious Objector”?

People’s troubles and hurts.
What do the cracks in the rocks in “Pride” represent?

Tanka
A 5 line, unrhymed Japanese form. The first and third lines contain five syllables. And the second, fourth, and fifth lines have seven syllables. 5-7-5-7-7

Sonnet
A 14 line form with a specific line count, rhyme scheme, and rhythmic pattern. In Shakespeare’s, the lines are grouped into 3 quatrains (groups of four lines) and a couplet (a pair of rhymed lines). The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, etc.

Villanelle
A 19 line form of poetry with a pattern of repeated lines and a specific rhyme scheme. The lines are broken into 5 three-line stanzas and 1 four-line stanza. Lines rhyme aba, aba, aba, aba, aba, abaa. Line 1 is repeated in lines 6, 12, and 18. Line 3 is repeated in lines 9, 15, and 19.