is the overlapping or mixing of opposite or different situations, characters, settings, moods, or points of view in order to clarify meaning, purpose, or character, or to heighten certain moods, especially humour, horror, and suspense. also ContrastEX:Two siblings in a story are opposites-one is always good and one is always evil
what is said is based in reality without the comparisons used in figurative language.EX:
a form of understatement in which something is said by denying the oppositeEX:You won’t be sorry!
a comparison between two things which are essentially dissimilar. The comparison is implied rather than directly statedEX:This pie is heaven!
any regular pattern of rhythm based on stressed and unstressed syllables.EX:Come live / with me / and be / my love
use of a closely related idea for the idea itselfEX:Suit = business man
see atmosphereEX:I WANT a chocolate ice cream cone
the use of words which sound like what they meanEX: Buzz-The bee buzzed in my ear.
two words placed close together which are contradictory, yet have truth in them.EX: wakeful sleep
a statement in which there is an apparent contradiction which is actually trueEX:jumbo shrimp
giving human attributes to an animal, object or ideaEX:The grease jumped out of the pan
words that sound alikeEX:Little Boy Blue, come blow your horn. The sheep’s in the meadow, the cow’s in the corn
any pattern of rhymes in poetry. Each new sound is assigned the next letter in the alphabet.
EX:The people along the sand (A) All turn and look one way. (B) They turn their back on the land. (A) They look at the sea all day. (B)
a series of stressed or accented syllables in a group of words, arranged so that the reader expects a similar series to follow.
EX:Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
a comparison between two things which are essentially dissimilar. The comparison is directly stated through words such as like, as, than or resembles.EX:He eats like a pig
the “voice” which seems to be telling the poem.
Not the same as the poet; this is like a narratorEX:Falling leaves and yellow woods are metaphors for the speaker’s life, showing the downfall of his life.
a symbol has two levels of meaning, a literal level and a figurative level. Characters, objects, events and settings can all be symbolic in that they represent something else beyond themselves.EX:Hearts-love
the use of a part for the whole ideaEX:Referring to a car as “wheels”
is the central idea of the story, usually implied rather than directly stated. It is the writer’s idea abut life and can be implied or directly stated through the voice of the speaker.
It should not be confused with moral or plotEX:Crime and mystery are utilized in detective novels.
is the poet’s attitude toward his/her subject or readers. it is similar to tone of voice but should not be confused with mood or atmosphere. An author’s tone might be sarcastic, sincere, humourous .
. .EX:Father: “We are going on a vacation.”Son: “That’s great!!!”
a figure of speech in which a word is used outside its literal meaning. Simile and metaphor are the two most common tropesEX:Some of its types include ,irony, hyperbole, metaphor, allegory, litotes, pun, personification, simile, metonymy, and synecdoche
this is saying less than what you mean in the service of truthEX:After wrecking your car: “There’s a little scratch.”
the creating and artistic intelligence that we recognize behind any speakerEX:Alyssa drank the last bottle of water
by word of mouth; spoken rather than written
of or characteristic of the metaphysical poets
relating to ancient Greek or Latin literature, art, or culture.
a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.
a believer in or supporter of modernism, especially in the arts.
the area around a fireplace (used especially with reference to a person’s home or family life).
cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York
literary movement started by a group of authors
late 20th- and early 21st-century movement in American poetry that has promoted a return to metrical and rhymed verse
intentionally ridiculous or bizarre; surreal.
a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.
an idealistic philosophical and social movement
written in iambic pentameter and consisting of three quatrains and a final couplet with the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef ggcomposed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg.
devoted to the praise of a person, animal, or thing
is a short poem consisting of fifteen lines that have two rhymes throughout.
a five-line witty poem with a distinctive rhythm
a short rhyming poem with 14 lines
does not follow any rules
a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas
This ancient form of poem writing is renowned for its small size as well as the precise punctuation and syllables needed on its three lines.