Poetry Devices for ;’Twas the Night Before Christmas;

a collection of words that expresses ideas or emotions in an imaginative style, sometimes including rhythm and rhyme

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit; similar to a paragraph or a verse

the repetition of similar sounding words that are close together in a poem

Example: soar / door / more / four / chore / or

end rhyme
rhyming words found at the end of lines

Roses are red,
Violets are BLUE.
Sugar is sweet,
And so are YOU.

internal rhyme
rhyming words found within lines

I’ve already SAID that roses are RED.
It really is TRUE the violets are BLUE.

rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem; use a separate letter of the alphabet for each end rhyme to show the pattern

Example: The scheme of the poem below is — abcb
Roses are red,
Violets are blue.
Sugar is sweet,
And so are you.

a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or other sound patterns

Example: The following line has a rhythm of 4 beats.
Roses are red, violets are blue.

the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together

Example: SHiny, SHimmering SHarks are SHocking.

the repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close together

Example: Meg fed red meds to Ted in bed, she said.

the use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning

Example: buzz, rattle, roar, jingle, crash, honk, screech

an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one is said to be another thing

Example: You are my sunshine!

a comparison of two unlike things, using a word such as “like,” “as,” “than,” or “resembles.”

Example: Life is like a bowl of chocolates.
This steak is tougher than an old shoe.

the overall feeling a reader gets from a work of literature described in one or two adjectives

Example: “The Tell-Tale Heart” creates a mood of horror and suspense.

a figure of speech in which an object or animal is spoken of as if it had human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Example: The golden sun smiled gently on the spring flowers.