Poetry Devices for ;’Twas the Night Before Christmas;

poetry
a collection of words that expresses ideas or emotions in an imaginative style, sometimes including rhythm and rhyme

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now
stanza
a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit; similar to a paragraph or a verse

rhyme
the repetition of similar sounding words that are close together in a poem

Example: soar / door / more / four / chore / or

end rhyme
rhyming words found at the end of lines

Example:
Roses are red,
Violets are BLUE.
Sugar is sweet,
And so are YOU.

internal rhyme
rhyming words found within lines

Example:
I’ve already SAID that roses are RED.
It really is TRUE the violets are BLUE.

rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem; use a separate letter of the alphabet for each end rhyme to show the pattern

Example: The scheme of the poem below is — abcb
Roses are red,
Violets are blue.
Sugar is sweet,
And so are you.

rhythm
a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or other sound patterns

Example: The following line has a rhythm of 4 beats.
Roses are red, violets are blue.

alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together

Example: SHiny, SHimmering SHarks are SHocking.

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close together

Example: Meg fed red meds to Ted in bed, she said.

onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning

Example: buzz, rattle, roar, jingle, crash, honk, screech

metaphor
an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one is said to be another thing

Example: You are my sunshine!

simile
a comparison of two unlike things, using a word such as “like,” “as,” “than,” or “resembles.”

Example: Life is like a bowl of chocolates.
This steak is tougher than an old shoe.

mood
the overall feeling a reader gets from a work of literature described in one or two adjectives

Example: “The Tell-Tale Heart” creates a mood of horror and suspense.

personification
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is spoken of as if it had human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Example: The golden sun smiled gently on the spring flowers.