Poetry Form Quiz

English or Shakespearean Sonnet
14 line lyric poem in iambic pentameter with 3 quatrains and 1 couplet

Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
14 line lyric poem in iambic pentameter with 1 octave and 1 seset

Ballad
A lyric poem with emotional appeal, consisting of quatrain stanzas and an ABCB or ABAB rhyme scheme. The first and third lines are iambic tetrameter, and the second and fourth are iambic trimeter. They are separated between folk and literary

Famous Ballad Poets
Edgar Allan Poe
Francis James Child
Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Limerick
A humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming AABBA popularized by Edward Lear.
It consists of anapest trimeter. Lines 1,2,5 have 3 anapests each, while 2,4 have 2.

Famous Limerick Poets
Edward Lear
Lewis Carroll
Ogden Nash

Haiku
An unrhymed Japanese poetic form consisting of 17 syllables arranged in three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Both modern and old must have “cutting” often represented by the juxtaposition of two images or ideas and a kireji (“cutting word”) between them

Famous Haiku Poets
Matsuo Bash?
Yosa Buson
Kobayashi Issa
Nick Virgillio

Epigram
a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way.
It is usually a couplet or quatrain.

Famous Epigram Poets
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Alexander Pope

Picture Poem
images created out of words and punctuation marks. They can be very simple or complex.
Also known as concrete or graphic poetry. Most common type is a tree.

Famous Picture Poem Poets
Eugen Gomringer
Oyvind Fahlstrom
Decio Pignatari

Elegy
“a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.” Written in elegiac couplets or most commonly formal prose with no set meter. The poet associates the events of the deceased with events in his own life by drawing a subtle comparison. The poet generally tries to provide comfort to ease the pain of the situation

Famous Elegy Poets
Theodore Roetheke
Walt Whitman
W.H. Auden

Epic
A long, serious poetic narrative about a significant event that often has a hero. Usually starts “in medias res.”, or in the middle of the action.
Poetic form: verse form.

Famous Epic Poets
Homer
John Milton
Virgil

Aubade
A love lyric expressing complaint that dawn means the speaker must part from a lover. It is the opposite of a serenade because a serenade takes place in the evening and it is at dawn, It has no set structure in terms of rhyme scheme or meter.

Famous Aubade Poets
John Donne
Philip Larkin
John Keats
Shakespeare

Ode
A formal, often ceremonious lyric poem that addresses and often celebrates a person, place, thing, or idea.
Pindaric: These were often performed with a chorus and dancers, and they functioned – in ancient Greece – to celebrate athletic victories. Strophe, antistrophe, epode
Horatian: These are more tranquil, informal, and contemplative than the celebratory Pindaric. Regular stanzas
Irregular: These have meter and rhyme like other , but they do not have a set pattern.

Famous Ode Poets
John Keats
William Wordsworth
Robert Creely

Sestina
It is composed of six stanzas of six lines (sixains), followed by a stanza of three lines (a tercet). There is no rhyme within the stanzas; instead it is structured through a recurrent pattern of the words that end each line. The final three lines must also include all 6 of the end words throughout the lines.

Sestina Famous Poets
Elizabeth Bishop
Arnaut Daniel
Algernon Charles Swinburne

Free Verse
An open form of poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter. Generally, it follows the movement of normal speech.
Open Form- characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency. It doesn’t have a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.

Famous Free Verse Poets
Walt Whitman
Emily Dickinson
William Carlos Williams

Dramatic Monologue
It is spoken entirely by one character but addressed to one or more characters whose presence is felt. Look for
stage directions
conversational tone and rhythm of speech, unusual punctuation
vivid speaker personality
“poetic mask”

Famous Dramatic Monologue Poets
Robert Browning

Narrative poems
stress story and action, basically these poems tell a story

Lyric poems
stress emotion and song. These shorter poems are characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling

closed form
a type of form or structure in poetry characterized by regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line, length, and metrical pattern

open form
characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency. doesn’t have a regular pattern, of meter or rhyme. modern poets. not sonnet structure

Villanelle
It is between a closed and open form. There are refrains and a set rhyme scheme, which characterize a closed form, while a lack of a set meter and no fixed number of syllables would represent an open form. Nineteen-line poem with two repeating rhymes and two refrains.
It is made up of five tercets followed by a quatrain.

Famous Villanelle Poets
Dylan Thomas
Sylvia Plath