Poetry Genres

Nursery Rhymes
Definition
Literary work in metrical form or verse,
the art of rhythmical composition, written or
spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful,
imaginative, or elevated thoughts.
Form
: Many different forms of verse are included in
traditional nursery rhymes, such as stories and
riddles.
Examples
Hark! Hark! The Dogs do Bark!; Pease
Porridge Hot; One, Two, Buckle My Shoe;
Baby; Pat-A-Cake

Free Verse
Literary work of poetry that is written
without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm,or meter.
Form
: Lacks rhyme and has less predictable
rhythm.
Examples
Fog; Out of the Dust; Leaves of Grass;

Concrete
Literary work in metrical form or verse in
which the words and phrases are arranged on paper
to capture and extend the meaning. Each line
should be a complete unit of thought.
Form
: The text itself forms a visible picture on the
page.
Example
summer
river
murmurs
leaves and breeze
whisper
bees and
dreamy
thoughts
hum
as summer
winds
on

Couplet
Literary work in metrical form or verse,
which has a pair of lines of poetry that are usually
rhymed.
Form
: Many different forms to write different types
of couplets that can also be used to build other
poems.
Examples
If turkeys gobble,
Do Pilgrims squabble?

Triplet
Literary work in metrical form or verse
that has three lines. Most often the three lines
rhyme. Some triplets have only two rhymed lines
with different patterns.
Form: 3 rhyming lines or 2 rhyming lines.
Example: 3 rhyming lines triplet
Football is the game for me
The stadium is a great place to be
Touchdowns are what I like to see.

Haiku
Literary work in metrical form or verse,
that is an unrhymed Japanese poem with three lines
and a specific syllable pattern. Haiku’s theme is
usually nature.
Form
: Line #1: 5 syllables
Line #2: 7 syllables
Line #3: 5 syllables
Example
An old silent pond
From leaf to leaf hops a frog
Looking for a meal

Cinquian
Definition
: Literary work in metrical form or verse
that has five lines.
Form:
Line #1: Subject
Line #2: Two describing words
Line #3: -ing words about what the subject
does
Line #4: A sentence about the subject
Line #5: Another name for the subject
Example
Spider
Furry, black
Climbing, spinning, weaving
They make an intricate web
Tarantula

Limericks
Definition
Literary work in metrical form or verse,
the art of rhythmical composition, written or
spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful,
imaginative, or elevated thoughts. A limerick is
a
very short but funny poem. There is a rhyme and
rhythm pattern that makes it flow smoothly.
Form
: Lines 1,2 and 5: rhyme and have eight to ten
syllables.
Lines 3 and 4: rhyme and have five to seven
syllables.
Example
There once was a tycoon from New York
Who thought he could eat all foods with a fork
Ice cream gave him some trouble
His problem seemed to double
When he tried sipping champagne from t

Ballard
Definition
Literary works that are narrative poetry
and tell a story.
Form
: Many different forms to write different types
of ballads.
Example
Tom Dooley
Hang your head Tom Dooley hang your head and cry
Killed poor Laura Foster, you know you’re bound to die
Bury her on the hillside, make the people see
Put the coat over, tromp her with your feet.
Hang your head Tom Dooley hang your head and cry
Killed poor Laura Foster,don’t you know you’re

Diamante
Definition
Literary work in metrical form or verse,
which has seven lines. The form is written about
two
opposite subjects and makes a comparison
between them by moving from one to the other.
Subjects might include war-peace, fire-ice, hot-
cold, etc.
Form
:
Line #1: 1 noun that names the first subject
Line #2: 2 adjectives that describe the first subject
Line #3: 3 -ing words that are related to the first
subject
Line #4: 4 nouns: the first 2 related to the firs
t
subject (line 1) & the second 2 related
to the
second subject (line 7)
Line #5: 3 -ing words that are related to the second
subject
Line #6: 2 adjectives that describe the second
subject
Line #7: 1 noun that names the second subject
Example
: Dogs
playful, active
running, playing, growing
fast, fun, soft, nice
sleeping, meowing, eating
furry, whiskery
Cats