Common Meter/Common Measure
4 lined stanza, with first and third in iambic tetrameter and the other two in iambic trimeterRhyme Scheme: abab OR abcb
Hopkins named it this, and it refers to the insertion of a different rhythm in a poem than the one already being used. This is pretty hard to spot when you read it silently, but when you read it aloud, it emerges more clearly.
Distributed Stress/Hovering Stress/Resolved Stress
This happens when two syllables “share” a stress in the meter
Unit of rhythm in poetry; it can be described as quantitative or accentual – syllabic; it can be of varying lengths (number of syllables)
The symbol indicating a short or unstressed syllable. It looks like a pasta elbow.
The symbol indicating a long or stressed syllable.
it looks like an apostrophe.
Stress on a syllable; not the syllable, or the symbol, but the actual stress.
Iamb, trochee, spondee, & pyrrhic
example: forego (u/a)
example: weather (a/u)
Example: football (a/a)
in a poem, this foot is made with two short, unaccented words (u/u)
Amphibrach, Amphimacer, Anapest, Antibacchius, Baccius, Dactyl
example: arrangement (u/a/u)
example: nevermore (a/u/a)
example: “like a child from the womb, like a ghost from the tomb” (4 anapestic feet in that line)
example: high mountains (a/a/u)
example: Marie Claire (u/a/a/)
example: mannikin (a/u/u)
Choriambus & Paeon
example: year upon year (a/u/u/a)
example: vegetable (a/u/u/u)