Poetry – Metre

Prosody
The patterns of rhythm and sound

Elision
words shortened using apostrophes

Iamb
UX

Trochee
XU

Spondee
XX

Pyrrhic
UU

Anapaest
UUX

Dactyl
XUU

Monometric
One foot per line

Dimetric
2 feet per line

Trimetric
3 feet per line

Tetrametric
4 feet per line

Inverted foor
A trochee in an iambic line

Catalectic
to leave off a beat

Hypermetric
with an extra beat