Poetry Outline (Quiz 9/14 for A and 9/15 for B) Wissman

poetry
a patterned form of verbal expression of ideas, uses concentrated imaginative and rhythmical terms, usually contains rhyme and meter, but not mandatory

meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

foot
unit of meter, poetry is classified according to the number of feet in a line

rhymed verse
has an end rhyme and regular meter

blank verse
has no end rhyme and iambic pentameter

free verse
has no rhyme at all and no regular meter

rhyme
identical sounding syllables that are stressed

end rhyme
rhyming syllable is at end of line

internal rhyme
rhyming syllable is within the line

masculine rhyme
one syllable rhyme

feminine rhyme
last 2 syllables rhyme

triple
3 syllable rhyme

rhyme scheme
pattern or sequence in which rhyme occurs

alliteration
the repetition of the first letter or sound in words in a line (the sweet smell of spring arose)

onomatopoeia
use of a word to represent or imitate natural sound

assonance
repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words, sometimes called partial or near rhyme

consonance
repetition of consonant sounds in a line

refrain
repition of 1 or more phrases at intervals, usually at the end of stanza and often takes the form of a chorus

repetition
repeating a specific word or phrase in a poem, use to create some special effect

simile
comparison between two unrelated things, indicates a similar attribute

metaphor
comparison between two unrelated things, indicates a similar attribute

personification
giving human characteristics to inanimate objects

synecdoche
mentioning part of something to represent the entire thing

metonymy
the substitution or a word naming an object for another word closely associated with it

hyperbole
an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis and not to be taken literally

litotes
an understatement achieved by saying the opposite of what one means, making an affirmation by stating the opposite of what one means, making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative

antithesis
balancing or contrasting one term against another

apostrophe
directly addressing someone not present as though he were present

symbol
a word or image that signifies something other and usually greater than that which is literally represented

stanza
division of a poem based on thought or form, stanzas based on form are marked rhyme schemes, known by the number of lines they contain

couple
two lines of rhyme

triple/tercet
three lines of rhyme or a three line stanza

quatrain
four line stanza, most common in british poetry

what are the different possibilities for rhyme?
ABAB,ABCB,ABBA,ABAC,AAAA,AABB

quintet
five line stanza, can have any of several rhymes

sestet
six line stanza, can have any of several rhyme schemes

septet
seven line stanza, can have any of several rhyme schemes

octave
eight line stanza, numerous rhyme schemes

heroic couplet/closed couplet
two successive rhyming lines, contains complete thought with filthy wise advice or philosophy all in the two lines, usually in iambic pentameter

terza rima
three line stanza that has an interwoven rhyme scheme

limerick
five line nonsense poem has the rhyme scheme AABBA

ballad stanza
four lines, tells a story, has rhyme scheme ABCB

rime royal
seven lines, iambic pentameter, has rhyme scheme ABABBCC

ottava rima
eight lines, iambic pentameter, has rhyme scheme ABABABCC

petrarchan sonnet
14 lines broken into two parts: octave and sestet, rhyme is ABBA ABBA CDE CDE

english/shakespearean sonnet
14 lines, three quatrains state the problem, one couplet gives the surprising or witty end, rhyme is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

types of meters
iambic, trochee, anapest, dactyl, spondee, pyrrhic

kinds of metrical lines (beats)
monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter, hexameter, heptameter, octameter