A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art;
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction;such as liberty or love.
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
A metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line. (an iamb, or iambic foot, consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.);
Language that appeals to the senses
A contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen
A five line poem in which lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme.
A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
A word that imitates the sound it represents
the repetition of phrases, clauses, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.