Poetry Rhythm and Meter Vocab

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in lines of poetry

scansion
describing the rhythms of poetry by dividing the lines into feet, marking the locations of stressed/unstressed syllables and counting syllables.

feet
the basic building blocks of meter. different combinations of stressed and unstressed syllables.

trochee
stressed/unstressed (/ U)

iamb
unstressed/stressed (U/)

anapest
unstressed/unstressed/stressed (UU/)

dactyl
stressed/unstressed/unstressed (/UU)

spondee
stressed/stressed (//)

pyrrhic
unstressed/unstressed (UU)

meter
the number of feet in a line

monometer
one foot

dimeter
2 feet

trimeter
three feet

tetrameter
four feet

pentameter
5 fet

hexameter
6 feet

heptameter
7 feet

octameter
8 feet

enjambment
when a line continues without punctuation on to the next line

caesura
a natural pause in the middle of a line

anaphora
repetition of words/lines in a poem

alliteration
the repetition of initial consonants in words

free verse
has no regular meter