Poetry: Rhythm, Rhyme, and Line Breaks

rhythm
the stressed syllables which make the beat in a piece of literature

refrain
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem. (must be organized repetition)

repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

alliteration
repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other

assonance
repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words in close proximity

consonance
repetition of a consonant sound at the end of words

exact rhyme
words that end in both the same vowel and the same consonant sounds

half rhyme
also known as approximate or slant rhyme; words whose sounds are similar but not identical

end rhyme
rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

internal rhyme
rhyme in which at least one of the rhyming pair of words shows up in the middle of a line

Caesura
a pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.

end stop
a poetic line that has a pause at the end, that reflects normal speech patterns, and that is often marked by punctuation

enjambment
the running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanza to the next without a logically grammatical break