Poetry Tanka Test

Tanka
5 line, unrhymed Japanese form
First and third lines- 5 syllables
2,4,5- 7 syllables
Syllabic pattern: 5-7-5-7-7

Sonnet
14 line form with specific line count, rhyme scheme, and rhythmic pattern

Shakespearean sonnet
Lines grouped into 3 quatrains and a couplet

Quatrain
4 lines

Couplet
Pair of rhymed lines

Shakespearean rhyme scheme
Abab cdcd efef gg

Villanelle
19 line form with a pattern of repeated lines and specific rhyme scheme
Lines grouped into 5 3-line stanzas and 1 4-line stanza
Line 1 repeated in 6,12, and 18
Line 3 repeated in lines 9,15, and 19

Villanelle rhyme scheme
Aba aba aba aba aba abaa

Threshold
(N.) bottom of a doorway; entrance or point of entry

Keenest
(Adj.) sharpest; most cunning

Clustering
(Adj.) gathering; forming in a group

Lunar
(Adj.) of the moon

Fate
(N.) destiny; what happens to a person of thing; final outcome

Lowly
(Adj.) humble; of low rank

Temperate
(Adj.) mild; kept within limits

Eternal
(Adj.) without beginning or end

Countenance
(N.) a person’s face or expression

Tremulous
(Adj.) trembling; quivering

Stance
(N.) the way one stands, especially the placement of the feet

Conjured
(V.) performed tricks in which things seem to appear, disappear, or change as if by magic

Overcome
(V.) to master our prevail over

Flourishes
(V.) grows vigorously; thrives

Circuit
(N.) the act of going around something

Infirm
(Adj.) weak; feeble